grate

1 [greyt]
noun
1.
a frame of metal bars for holding fuel when burning, as in a fireplace, furnace, or stove.
2.
a framework of parallel or crossed bars, used as a partition, guard, cover, or the like; grating.
3.
a fireplace.
verb (used with object), grated, grating.
4.
to furnish with a grate or grates.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin grāta a grating, variant of crāta, derivative of Latin crāt- (stem of crātis) wickerwork, hurdle; cf. crate

grateless, adjective
gratelike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

grate

2 [greyt]
verb (used without object), grated, grating.
1.
to have an irritating or unpleasant effect: His constant chatter grates on my nerves.
2.
to make a sound of, or as if of, rough scraping; rasp.
3.
to sound harshly; jar: to grate on the ear.
4.
to scrape or rub with rough or noisy friction, as one thing on or against another.
verb (used with object), grated, grating.
5.
to reduce to small particles by rubbing against a rough surface or a surface with many sharp-edged openings: to grate a carrot.
6.
to rub together with a harsh, jarring sound: to grate one's teeth.
7.
to irritate or annoy.
8.
Archaic. to wear down or away by rough friction.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English graten < Old French grater < Germanic; compare German kratzen to scratch


7. vex, gall, nettle, irk, rile, bug.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
grate1 (ɡreɪt)
 
vb
1.  (tr) to reduce to small shreds by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface: to grate carrots
2.  to scrape (an object) against something or (objects) together, producing a harsh rasping sound, or (of objects) to scrape with such a sound
3.  (intr; foll by on or upon) to annoy
 
n
4.  a harsh rasping sound
 
[C15: from Old French grater to scrape, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German krazzōn]

grate2 (ɡreɪt)
 
n
1.  a framework of metal bars for holding fuel in a fireplace, stove, or furnace
2.  a less common word for fireplace
3.  another name for grating
4.  mining a perforated metal screen for grading crushed ore
 
vb
5.  (tr) to provide with a grate or grates
 
[C14: from Old French grate, from Latin crātis hurdle]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

grate
c.1400, from M.L. grata "lattice," from L. cratis "wickerwork."

grate
late 14c. (implied in grater), from O.Fr. grater "to scrape," from Frank. *kratton, from P.Gmc. *krattojan (cf. O.H.G. krazzon "to scratch, scrape"), probably of imitative origin. Senses of "sound harshly," and "annoy" are 16c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Grate definition


a network of brass for the bottom of the great altar of sacrifice (Ex. 27:4; 35:16; 38:4, 5, 30).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Place clams directly on grill grate or on a large baking pan in a single layer.
Flip the atrium grate over and insert it in the hole.
Someone opened a small window in the door and peered at me through an iron
  grate.
Coarsely grate tomatoes into a bowl and discard skins.
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