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grate1

[greyt] /greɪt/
noun
1.
a frame of metal bars for holding fuel when burning, as in a fireplace, furnace, or stove.
2.
a framework of parallel or crossed bars, used as a partition, guard, cover, or the like; grating.
3.
a fireplace.
verb (used with object), grated, grating.
4.
to furnish with a grate or grates.
Origin of grate1
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin grāta a grating, variant of crāta, derivative of Latin crāt- (stem of crātis) wickerwork, hurdle; cf. crate
Related forms
grateless, adjective
gratelike, adjective

grate2

[greyt] /greɪt/
verb (used without object), grated, grating.
1.
to have an irritating or unpleasant effect:
His constant chatter grates on my nerves.
2.
to make a sound of, or as if of, rough scraping; rasp.
3.
to sound harshly; jar:
to grate on the ear.
4.
to scrape or rub with rough or noisy friction, as one thing on or against another.
verb (used with object), grated, grating.
5.
to reduce to small particles by rubbing against a rough surface or a surface with many sharp-edged openings:
to grate a carrot.
6.
to rub together with a harsh, jarring sound:
to grate one's teeth.
7.
to irritate or annoy.
8.
Archaic. to wear down or away by rough friction.
Origin
1375-1425; late Middle English graten < Old French grater < Germanic; compare German kratzen to scratch
Synonyms
7. vex, gall, nettle, irk, rile, bug.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for grate
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The maid, coming in next morning to "do" the grate, found him still asleep.

    Saint's Progress John Galsworthy
  • Here, take this seat,' and he moved a great chair close to the grate.

    The Underdog F. Hopkinson Smith
  • grate it on a nutmeg grater into a tall cylindrical glass full of water.

    A Practical Physiology Albert F. Blaisdell
  • She glanced all round the parlour, from the corner cupboard to the good fire in the grate.

    The Secret Agent Joseph Conrad
  • A fire now burned brightly in the grate wherein Bruce had made his pregnant discovery.

British Dictionary definitions for grate

grate1

/ɡreɪt/
verb
1.
(transitive) to reduce to small shreds by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface: to grate carrots
2.
to scrape (an object) against something or (objects) together, producing a harsh rasping sound, or (of objects) to scrape with such a sound
3.
(intransitive; foll by on or upon) to annoy
noun
4.
a harsh rasping sound
Word Origin
C15: from Old French grater to scrape, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German krazzōn

grate2

/ɡreɪt/
noun
1.
a framework of metal bars for holding fuel in a fireplace, stove, or furnace
2.
a less common word for fireplace
3.
another name for grating1 (sense 1)
4.
(mining) a perforated metal screen for grading crushed ore
verb
5.
(transitive) to provide with a grate or grates
Word Origin
C14: from Old French grate, from Latin crātis hurdle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for grate
n.

late 14c., "grill for cooking;" early 15c., "iron bars or cagework across a door or windows," from Anglo-Latin (mid-14c.), from Old French grate or directly from Medieval Latin grata "lattice," from Latin cratis "wickerwork, hurdle" (see hurdle). As a verb meaning "to fit with a grate," from mid-15c. Related: Grated; grating.

v.

"to scrape, rub," late 14c. (implied in grated), from Old French grater "to scrape" (Modern French gratter), from Frankish *kratton, from Proto-Germanic *krattojan (cf. Old High German krazzon "to scratch, scrape," German kratzen "to scratch," Swedish kratta, Danish kratte "to rake"), probably of imitative origin. Senses of "sound harshly," and "annoy" are mid-16c. Italian grattare also is from Germanic. Related: Grated; grating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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grate in the Bible

a network of brass for the bottom of the great altar of sacrifice (Ex. 27:4; 35:16; 38:4, 5, 30).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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6
7
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