grating

1 [grey-ting]
noun
1.
a fixed frame of bars or the like covering an opening to exclude persons, animals, coarse material, or objects while admitting light, air, or fine material.

Origin:
1605–15; grate1 + -ing1

Dictionary.com Unabridged

grating

2 [grey-ting]
adjective
1.
irritating or unpleasant to one's feelings.
2.
(of a sound or noise) harsh, discordant, or rasping.

Origin:
1555–65; grate2 + -ing2

gratingly, adverb

grate

1 [greyt]
noun
1.
a frame of metal bars for holding fuel when burning, as in a fireplace, furnace, or stove.
2.
a framework of parallel or crossed bars, used as a partition, guard, cover, or the like; grating.
3.
a fireplace.
verb (used with object), grated, grating.
4.
to furnish with a grate or grates.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin grāta a grating, variant of crāta, derivative of Latin crāt- (stem of crātis) wickerwork, hurdle; cf. crate

grateless, adjective
gratelike, adjective

grate

2 [greyt]
verb (used without object), grated, grating.
1.
to have an irritating or unpleasant effect: His constant chatter grates on my nerves.
2.
to make a sound of, or as if of, rough scraping; rasp.
3.
to sound harshly; jar: to grate on the ear.
4.
to scrape or rub with rough or noisy friction, as one thing on or against another.
verb (used with object), grated, grating.
5.
to reduce to small particles by rubbing against a rough surface or a surface with many sharp-edged openings: to grate a carrot.
6.
to rub together with a harsh, jarring sound: to grate one's teeth.
7.
to irritate or annoy.
8.
Archaic. to wear down or away by rough friction.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English graten < Old French grater < Germanic; compare German kratzen to scratch


7. vex, gall, nettle, irk, rile, bug.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
grate1 (ɡreɪt)
 
vb
1.  (tr) to reduce to small shreds by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface: to grate carrots
2.  to scrape (an object) against something or (objects) together, producing a harsh rasping sound, or (of objects) to scrape with such a sound
3.  (intr; foll by on or upon) to annoy
 
n
4.  a harsh rasping sound
 
[C15: from Old French grater to scrape, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German krazzōn]

grate2 (ɡreɪt)
 
n
1.  a framework of metal bars for holding fuel in a fireplace, stove, or furnace
2.  a less common word for fireplace
3.  another name for grating
4.  mining a perforated metal screen for grading crushed ore
 
vb
5.  (tr) to provide with a grate or grates
 
[C14: from Old French grate, from Latin crātis hurdle]

grating1 (ˈɡreɪtɪŋ)
 
n
1.  Also called: grate a framework of metal bars in the form of a grille set into a wall, pavement, etc, serving as a cover or guard but admitting air and sometimes light
2.  short for diffraction grating

grating2 (ˈɡreɪtɪŋ)
 
adj
1.  (of sounds) harsh and rasping
2.  annoying; irritating
 
n
3.  (often plural) something produced by grating
 
'gratingly2
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

grate
c.1400, from M.L. grata "lattice," from L. cratis "wickerwork."

grate
late 14c. (implied in grater), from O.Fr. grater "to scrape," from Frank. *kratton, from P.Gmc. *krattojan (cf. O.H.G. krazzon "to scratch, scrape"), probably of imitative origin. Senses of "sound harshly," and "annoy" are 16c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Grate definition


a network of brass for the bottom of the great altar of sacrifice (Ex. 27:4; 35:16; 38:4, 5, 30).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Wash, trim and grate zucchini, using grating blade of food processor.
Wash, trim and grate the zucchini, using the grating blade of a food processor.
However the level at which adjuncts are paid for these duties is the grating
  condition.
Germans found his personality grating and his obsession with tax cuts
  off-putting.
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