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gratuitous

[gruh-too-i-tuh s, -tyoo-] /grəˈtu ɪ təs, -ˈtyu-/
adjective
1.
given, done, bestowed, or obtained without charge or payment; free; voluntary.
2.
being without apparent reason, cause, or justification:
a gratuitous insult.
3.
Law. given without receiving any return value.
Origin
1650-1660
1650-60; < Latin grātuītus free, freely given, spontaneous, derivative of grātus thankful, received with thanks (for formation cf. fortuitous); see -ous
Related forms
gratuitously, adverb
gratuitousness, noun
nongratuitous, adjective
nongratuitously, adverb
nongratuitousness, noun
ungratuitous, adjective
ungratuitously, adverb
ungratuitousness, noun
Can be confused
gracious, gratis, gratuitous.
Synonyms
2. unnecessary, superfluous, redundant; causeless, unreasonable, groundless, unprovoked, unjustified.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for gratuitous
  • But they cannot understand breaking the law as anything but gratuitous rebellion.
  • That said, there is of course no ethical justification for causing gratuitous suffering among our animal kin.
  • They may just not be as open culturally to gratuitous violence.
  • Indeed, much of the novel's unpleasantness is gratuitous, or at least a violation of the genre's conventions.
  • The extinction of species has been involved in the most gratuitous mystery.
  • And throw in some gratuitous accent marks.
  • So while it was an eye-popping effect, it wasn't gratuitous.
  • His psychologically and dramatically unwarranted attack on them is surely the most gratuitous farewell speech ever written.
  • Only man behaves with such gratuitous folly.
  • We don't need any gratuitous advice from your side.
British Dictionary definitions for gratuitous

gratuitous

/ɡrəˈtjuːɪtəs/
adjective
1.
given or received without payment or obligation
2.
without cause; unjustified
3.
(law) given or made without receiving any value in return a gratuitous agreement
Derived Forms
gratuitously, adverb
gratuitousness, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin grātuītus, from grātia favour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gratuitous
gratuitous
1656, "freely bestowed," from L. gratuitus "free, spontaneous, voluntary," from gratia "favor." Sense of "uncalled for, done without good reason" is first recorded 1691.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Word of The Day

Difficulty index for gratuitous

Few English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for gratuitous

11
14
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