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groom

[groom, groo m] /grum, grʊm/
noun
1.
a bridegroom.
2.
a man or boy in charge of horses or the stable.
3.
any of several officers of the English royal household.
4.
Archaic. a manservant.
verb (used with object)
5.
to tend carefully as to person and dress; make neat or tidy.
6.
to clean, brush, and otherwise tend (a horse, dog, etc.).
7.
to prepare for a position, election, etc.:
The mayor is being groomed for the presidency.
8.
(of an animal) to tend (itself or another) by removing dirt, parasites, or specks of other matter from the fur, skin, feathers, etc.: often performed as a social act.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English grom boy, groom; apparently akin to grow
Related forms
groomer, noun
groomish, adjective
groomishly, adverb
nongrooming, adjective
regroom, verb (used with object)
ungroomed, adjective
Synonyms
7. educate, train, coach, drill, tutor.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for grooming
  • It's supposed to help the bees' general health, and stimulate grooming behavior.
  • She was grooming it and moving it along with all the live cubs.
  • Employee-owned pets get complimentary surgeries and other medical care, as well as bathing and grooming.
  • He lives alone, has no immediate family alive, and absolutely refuses help with housekeeping or with his own grooming.
  • One area where academics often are less than fully attentive is their overall fitness and grooming.
  • There is never an excuse for poor personal grooming.
  • Some were grooming the lawn, some were erect and looking around, some were chasing others.
  • These quickly engulfed the flies and could not be cleaned off by normal grooming behavior, killing them within six hours.
  • Humans have mostly abandoned the grooming strategies of our chimp cousins.
  • After a while, the roach starts grooming itself furiously for some time, followed by complete stillness.
British Dictionary definitions for grooming

groom

/ɡruːm; ɡrʊm/
noun
1.
a person employed to clean and look after horses
2.
3.
any of various officers of a royal or noble household
4.
(archaic) a male servant or attendant
5.
(archaic, poetic) a young man
verb (transitive)
6.
to make or keep (clothes, appearance, etc) clean and tidy
7.
to rub down, clean, and smarten (a horse, dog, etc)
8.
to train or prepare for a particular task, occupation, etc to groom someone for the Presidency
9.
to win the confidence of (a victim) in order to a commit sexual assault on him or her
Derived Forms
groomer, noun
grooming, noun
Word Origin
C13 grom manservant; perhaps related to Old English grōwan to grow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for grooming
groom
early 13c., grome "male child, boy, youth." No known cognates in other Germanic languages. Perhaps from O.E. *groma, related to growan "grow;" or from O.Fr. grommet "servant" (cf. M.E. gromet "ship's boy," early 13c.). The fact is, it appeared 13c. and nobody knows from whence. Meaning "male servant who attends to horses" is from 1660s. The verb is first attested 1809; the transferred sense of "to tidy (oneself) up" is from 1843; figurative sense of "to prepare a candidate" is from 1887, originally in U.S. politics.
groom
husband-to-be at a wedding, 1604, short for bridegroom (q.v.), from O.E. guma "man."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for grooming

self-grooming, as the action of a bird in preening its feathers, or mutual grooming as part of species behaviour, as among monkeys and other mammalian groups. Mutual grooming, which is often derived from display behaviour, cements social bonds between individuals of a group or colony. The term preening is usually used to describe cleaning behaviour in birds. In some birds, oil from the preen gland, picked up from the feathers after exposure to sunlight, is a major source of vitamin D. A form of cleaning behaviour called cleaning symbiosis occurs between certain fishes or between certain shrimps and fishes. The cleaner is allowed by the recipient fish to clean the latter of external parasites, which the cleaner eats. Both cleaner and cleaned thereby benefit.

Learn more about grooming with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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