hamper

1 [ham-per]
verb (used with object)
1.
to hold back; hinder; impede: A steady rain hampered the progress of the work.
2.
to interfere with; curtail: The dancers' movements were hampered by their elaborate costumes.
noun
3.
Nautical. gear that, although necessary to the operations of a vessel, is sometimes in the way.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English hampren; akin to Old English hamm enclosure, hemm hem1

hamperedly, adverb
hamperedness, noun
hamperer, noun
unhampered, adjective
unhampering, adjective


1. obstruct, encumber, trammel, clog. See prevent.


1. further, encourage, facilitate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

hamper

2 [ham-per]
noun
1.
a large basket or wickerwork receptacle, usually with a cover: picnic hamper; clothes hamper.
2.
British. such a basket together with its contents, especially food.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English hampere, variant of hanypere hanaper

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
hamper1 (ˈhæmpə)
 
vb
1.  (tr) to prevent the progress or free movement of
 
n
2.  nautical gear aboard a vessel that, though essential, is often in the way
 
[C14: of obscure origin; perhaps related to Old English hamm enclosure, hemmhem1]
 
'hamperedness1
 
n
 
'hamperer1
 
n

hamper2 (ˈhæmpə)
 
n
1.  a large basket, usually with a cover
2.  (Brit) such a basket and its contents, usually food
3.  (US) a laundry basket
 
[C14: variant of hanaper]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hamper
c.1350, hampren "to surround, imprison, confine," later "to pack in a container," of unknown origin, possibly from hamper (n.), or somehow connected to M.E. hamelian "to maim." The noun meaning "things important for a ship but in the way at certain times" (1835) is from Fr. hamper "to impede."

hamper
"large basket," 1316, contraction of Anglo-Fr. hanaper (Anglo-L. hanepario), from O.Fr. hanepier "case for holding a large goblet or cup," from hanap "goblet," from Frank. (cf. O.S. hnapp "cup, bowl;" O.H.G. hnapf).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Attacks by pirates are common and hamper the delivery of food aid.
High winds, powerful waves and difficult currents hamper operations.
Unfortunately, confusing chapter openings and a barrage of characters and
  creatures hamper the book's rhythm.
Shoes that are too big or too small can harm a child's delicate feet and hamper
  walking.
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