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13 Essential Literary Terms

hypo1

[hahy-poh] /ˈhaɪ poʊ/
noun, plural hypos.
1.
a hypodermic syringe or injection.
2.
a stimulus or boost.
verb (used with object)
3.
to administer a hypodermic injection to.
4.
to stimulate by or as if by administering a hypodermic injection.
5.
to increase, boost, or augment:
to hypo the car's power by installing a bigger engine.
Origin
by shortening of hypodermic; sense “stimulate” perhaps by association with hype1; see -o

hypo2

[hahy-poh] /ˈhaɪ poʊ/
Origin
1860-65; shortening of hyposulfite

hypo3

[hahy-poh] /ˈhaɪ poʊ/
noun, Archaic.
Origin
by shortening

hypo-

1.
a prefix appearing in loanwords from Greek, where it meant “under” (hypostasis); on this model used, especially as opposed to hyper-, in the formation of compound words (hypothyroid).
Also, especially before a vowel, hyp-.
Origin
< Greek, combining form of hypó under (preposition), below (adv.); cognate with Latin sub (see sub-); cf. up
Can be confused
hyper-, hypo-.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for hypo
  • Finally, dyskinetic cerebral palsy is characterised by both hypo- and hypertonia often alternating in the same muscles.
  • Not only is this food not molecular or hyper-manipulated-it's hypo-manipulated.
  • There are a number of breeds that are hypo-allergenic.
  • Humidifiers and hypo-allergenic pillows are also available if requested.
  • Rooms are hypo-allergenic and come with movie services, cribs on request and iPod docking stations.
  • Rooms have private baths, walk-in showers, hypo-allergenic bedding and coffee and tea makers.
  • Evidence suggests that these drugs increase antibodies that put patients at risk for hypo- or hyperthyroidism.
British Dictionary definitions for hypo

hypo1

/ˈhaɪpəʊ/
noun
1.
another name for sodium thiosulphate, esp when used as a fixer in photographic developing
Word Origin
C19: shortened from hyposulphite

hypo2

/ˈhaɪpəʊ/
noun (informal) (pl) -pos
1.
short for hypodermic syringe

hypo-

prefix
1.
under, beneath, or below: hypodermic
2.
lower; at a lower point: hypogastrium
3.
less than: hypoploid
4.
(in medicine) denoting a deficiency or an abnormally low level: hypothyroid, hypoglycaemia
5.
incomplete or partial: hypoplasia
6.
indicating that a chemical compound contains an element in a lower oxidation state than usual: hypochlorous acid
Word Origin
from Greek, from hupo under

Hypo-

prefix
1.
indicating a plagal mode in music: Hypodorian
Word Origin
from Greek: beneath (it lies a fourth below the corresponding authentic mode)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hypo
n.

1711, "depression," short for hypochondria; 1904 as short for hypodermic needle.

hypo-

word-forming element meaning "under, beneath" (in chemistry, indicating a lesser oxidation), from hypo-, comb. form of Greek hypo (prep. and adverb) "under," from PIE *upo- "under, up from under, over" (see sub-).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hypo in Medicine

hypo hy·po (hī'pō)
n.

  1. A hypodermic syringe.

  2. A hypodermic injection.

hypo- or hyp-
pref.

  1. Below; beneath; under: hypochondriac.

  2. Less than normal; deficient: hypofunction.

  3. In the lowest state of oxidation: hypoxanthine.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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hypo in Science
hypo- or hyp-  
A prefix that means "beneath" or "below," as in hypodermic, below the skin. It also means "less than normal," especially in medical terms like hypoglycemia. In the names of chemical compounds, it means "at the lowest state of oxidation," as in sodium hypochlorite.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for hypo

hypo

noun
  1. A hypodermic needle
  2. A hypodermic injection
  3. A drug addict who injects narcotics; hype1 (1940s+ Narcotics)
verb

To stimulate or strengthen; beef up: a wilted record player hypoed by a pooped-out public address system (1960s+)

[1904+; fr hypodermic, referring to a needle or an injection]


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Related Abbreviations for hypo

hypo

  1. hypodermic [injection]
  2. sodium hyposulfite
  3. sodium thiosulfate
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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12
11
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