impairment

[im-pair-muhnt]
noun
the state of being diminished, weakened, or damaged, especially mentally or physically: cognitive impairment in older adults.

Origin:
impair+ -ment

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Collins
World English Dictionary
impair (ɪmˈpɛə)
 
vb
(tr) to reduce or weaken in strength, quality, etc: his hearing was impaired by an accident
 
[C14: from Old French empeirer to make worse, from Late Latin pējorāre, from Latin pejor worse; see pejorative]
 
im'pairable
 
adj
 
im'pairer
 
n
 
im'pairment
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

impairment im·pair·ment (ĭm-pâr'mənt)
n.
Weakening, damage, or deterioration, especially as a result of injury or disease.


im·pair' v.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Speech and language impairment may be any of several problems that make it
  difficult to communicate.
And none of the patients involved has experienced noticeable cognitive
  impairment as a result of the operation.
Taste impairment means there is a problem with your sense of taste.
So far this advice has proven right, with big discrepancies in impairment
  levels between countries.
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