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improvised

[im-pruh-vahyzd] /ˈɪm prəˌvaɪzd/
adjective
1.
made or said without previous preparation:
an improvised skit.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40; improvise + -ed2
Related forms
improvisedly
[im-pruh-vahy-zid-lee] /ˌɪm prəˈvaɪ zɪd li/ (Show IPA),
adverb
unimprovised, adjective
well-improvised, adjective
Synonyms
unpremeditated, unrehearsed, unprepared. See extemporaneous.
Antonyms
rehearsed.

improvise

[im-pruh-vahyz] /ˈɪm prəˌvaɪz/
verb (used with object), improvised, improvising.
1.
to compose and perform or deliver without previous preparation; extemporize:
to improvise an acceptance speech.
2.
to compose, play, recite, or sing (verse, music, etc.) on the spur of the moment.
3.
to make, provide, or arrange from whatever materials are readily available:
We improvised a dinner from yesterday's leftovers.
verb (used without object), improvised, improvising.
4.
to compose, utter, execute, or arrange anything extemporaneously:
When the actor forgot his lines he had to improvise.
Origin
1820-30; < French improviser, or its source, Italian improvisare (later improvvisare), verbal derivative of improviso improvised < Latin imprōvīsus, equivalent to im- im-2 + prōvīsus past participle of prōvidēre to see beforehand, prepare, provide for (a future circumstance). See proviso
Related forms
improviser, improvisor, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for improvised
  • His long improvised dirges will ring for ever in my ears.
  • They also give recipes for fillings, though these are easily improvised.
  • He was known for his lighting, his ability to make a seemingly improvised situation glamorous.
  • The improvised songs on the record move seamlessly between richly textured, almost delicate moments and dense, noisy climaxes.
  • But five improvised operating rooms had been running around the clock, staffed by volunteers from all over the world.
  • Research and technology-for example on armed drones and dealing with improvised explosive devices-is one.
  • All that has gone, along with the improvised defences that used to ring the building.
  • Languages on semi-equal footing coming into contact on a daily basis can spawn a partly improvised, partly stable halfway-tongue.
  • And, they did not earn it, or the computerized system they had improvised the laborer to succeed in the high tech employment.
  • He played them until he felt he had improvised the right composition.
British Dictionary definitions for improvised

improvise

/ˈɪmprəˌvaɪz/
verb
1.
to perform or make quickly from materials and sources available, without previous planning
2.
to perform (a poem, play, piece of music, etc), composing as one goes along
Derived Forms
improviser, noun
Word Origin
C19: from French, from Italian improvvisare, from Latin imprōvīsus unforeseen, from im- (not) + prōvīsus, from prōvidēre to foresee; see provide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for improvised

improvise

v.

1826, back-formation from improvisation, or else from French improviser (17c.), from Italian improvisare "to sing or speak extempore," from improviso, from Latin improvisus "unforeseen, unexpected" (see improvisation). Or possibly a back-formation from improvisation. Related: Improvised; improvising.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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