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[in-klood] /ɪnˈklud/
verb (used with object), included, including.
to contain, as a whole does parts or any part or element:
The package includes the computer, program, disks, and a manual.
to place in an aggregate, class, category, or the like.
to contain as a subordinate element; involve as a factor.
Origin of include
late Middle English
1375-1425; late Middle English < Latin inclūdere to shut in, equivalent to in- in-2 + -clūdere, combining form of claudere to shut (cf. close)
Related forms
includable, includible, adjective
preinclude, verb (used with object), preincluded, preincluding.
reinclude, verb (used with object), reincluded, reincluding.
unincludable, adjective
unincludible, adjective
1. embody. Include, comprehend, comprise, embrace imply containing parts of a whole. To include is to contain as a part or member, or among the parts and members, of a whole: The list includes many new names. To comprehend is to have within the limits, scope, or range of references, as either a part or the whole number of items concerned: The plan comprehends several projects. To comprise is to consist of, as the various parts serving to make up the whole: This genus comprises 50 species. Embrace emphasizes the extent or assortment of that which is included: The report embraces a great variety of subjects.
1. exclude, preclude. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for including
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • He was moaning and complaining and threatening all the world, including his father and mother.

    The Arrow of Gold Joseph Conrad
  • Even the most sanguine now gave her up for lost, including the owners.

    Brave and Bold Horatio Alger
  • We visited all the places of interest, including the battlefield of Tel-eh-kebir.

    Reminiscences of Queensland William Henry Corfield
  • Above all, because including all, the century will ask for men of sober mind.

  • The Germans had set fire to everything that would burn, including the woods.

British Dictionary definitions for including


verb (transitive)
to have as contents or part of the contents; be made up of or contain
to add as part of something else; put in as part of a set, group, or category
to contain as a secondary or minor ingredient or element
Derived Forms
includable, includible, adjective
Word Origin
C15 (in the sense: to enclose): from Latin inclūdere to enclose, from in-² + claudere to close
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for including



c.1400, from Latin includere "to shut in, enclose, imprison, insert," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + claudere "to shut" (see close (v.)). The alleged Sam Goldwyn-ism, "Include me out," is attested from 1937. Related: Included; including.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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