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[in-kur] /ɪnˈkɜr/
verb (used with object), incurred, incurring.
to come into or acquire (some consequence, usually undesirable or injurious):
to incur a huge number of debts.
to become liable or subject to through one's own action; bring or take upon oneself:
to incur his displeasure.
Origin of incur
late Middle English
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin incurrere to run into, come upon, equivalent to in- in-2 + currere to run; see current
Related forms
incurrable, adjective
reincur, verb (used with object), reincurred, reincurring.
self-incurred, adjective
2. arouse, incite, provoke. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for incur
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • I may be locked, up for the sake of the liberty of the people; I may, under sentence, incur the loss of the right to bear arms.

    The Ego and His Own Max Stirner
  • No, no, he would not drink; he would not incur the fearful risk of resurrection.

  • Performing the duty prescribed by nature one does not incur sin.

  • Those who incur the wrath of the god are apt to have strange visitations in their homes.

  • Then, whatever debts Ireland might incur England would have to pay, should Ireland repudiate them?

    Ireland as It Is Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
British Dictionary definitions for incur


verb (transitive) -curs, -curring, -curred
to make oneself subject to (something undesirable); bring upon oneself
to run into or encounter
Derived Forms
incurrable, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin incurrere to run into, from currere to run
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for incur

early 15c., from Anglo-French encurir, Middle French encourir, from Latin incurrere "run into or against, rush at, make an attack;" figuratively, "to befall, happen, occur to," from in- "upon" (see in- (2)) + currere "to run" (see current (adj.)). Related: Incurred; incurring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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