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incur

[in-kur] /ɪnˈkɜr/
verb (used with object), incurred, incurring.
1.
to come into or acquire (some consequence, usually undesirable or injurious):
to incur a huge number of debts.
2.
to become liable or subject to through one's own action; bring or take upon oneself:
to incur his displeasure.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin incurrere to run into, come upon, equivalent to in- in-2 + currere to run; see current
Related forms
incurrable, adjective
reincur, verb (used with object), reincurred, reincurring.
self-incurred, adjective
Synonyms
2. arouse, incite, provoke.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for incurred
  • The biggest benefits were from vehicle damage that didn't happen and medical bills that were never incurred.
  • No costs at all are incurred for the first category, and no appreciable costs are incurred for the second.
  • Yet the government complains about the expenses incurred dealing with homeless and unwanted animals each year.
  • Additional charges will be incurred to make corrections.
  • Nobody likes the trillion-dollar deficits incurred in each of the last two years.
  • Therefore, the government's debt to the fund is simply a debt it would have incurred in any event.
  • These persons are oblivious to the enormous expense which the merchant has incurred in securing these results.
  • Primitive tribes often believed that only by the shedding of blood could the debt incurred by certain crimes be satisfied.
  • Where they've failed, they have incurred resentment and charges of imperialism.
  • Without sustained social interaction, the human brain may become as impaired as one that has incurred a traumatic injury.
British Dictionary definitions for incurred

incur

/ɪnˈkɜː/
verb (transitive) -curs, -curring, -curred
1.
to make oneself subject to (something undesirable); bring upon oneself
2.
to run into or encounter
Derived Forms
incurrable, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin incurrere to run into, from currere to run
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for incurred

incur

v.

early 15c., from Anglo-French encurir, Middle French encourir, from Latin incurrere "run into or against, rush at, make an attack;" figuratively, "to befall, happen, occur to," from in- "upon" (see in- (2)) + currere "to run" (see current (adj.)). Related: Incurred; incurring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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