9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[in-flikt] /ɪnˈflɪkt/
verb (used with object)
to impose as something that must be borne or suffered:
to inflict punishment.
to impose (anything unwelcome):
The regime inflicted burdensome taxes on the people.
to deal or deliver, as a blow.
Origin of inflict
1520-30; < Latin inflīctus past participle of inflīgere to strike or dash against, equivalent to in- in-2 + flīg- (stem of flīgere to beat down) + -tus past participle suffix
Related forms
inflictable, adjective
inflicter, inflictor, noun
inflictive, adjective
preinflict, verb (used with object)
uninflicted, adjective
Can be confused
afflict, infect, inflict. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for inflicted
  • The authorities said he died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
  • Denial is common at the hospital because patients are often afraid they will receive lesser care for self-inflicted wounds.
  • We are waking up to the cruelty inflicted on animals and demanding better for them, and for ourselves.
  • Both sides tell of cruelties inflicted by the other.
  • Much of the damage inflicted on land is quite invisible to laymen.
  • We are witnessing nothing less than a self-inflicted and self-authorized societal hoodwinking of the first order.
  • More often they can't get the psychiatric care that's necessary for the traumas that war has inflicted on them.
  • Eliminating these aggregates, scientists say, could potentially halt or undo the damage inflicted by these diseases.
  • Now a new study suggests that they could provide protection from a stroke by limiting the amount of inflicted brain damage.
  • The scientists then inflicted a similar wound on some adult hamsters to see if such connections could actually regenerate vision.
British Dictionary definitions for inflicted


verb (transitive)
often foll by on or upon. to impose (something unwelcome, such as pain, oneself, etc)
(rare) to cause to suffer; afflict (with)
to deal out (blows, lashes, etc)
Derived Forms
inflictable, adjective
inflicter, inflictor, noun
infliction, noun
inflictive, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin inflīgere to strike (something) against, dash against, from flīgere to strike
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for inflicted



1560s, from Latin inflictus, past participle of infligere "to strike or dash against," from in- "on, against" (see in- (2)) + fligere (past participle flictus) "to dash, strike" (see afflict). You inflict trouble on someone; you afflict someone with trouble. Shame on you.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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