judiciary

[joo-dish-ee-er-ee, -dish-uh-ree]
noun, plural judiciaries.
1.
the judicial branch of government.
2.
the system of courts of justice in a country.
3.
judges collectively.
adjective
4.
pertaining to the judicial branch or system or to judges.

Origin:
1580–90; orig. adj. < Latin jūdiciārius of the law courts, equivalent to jūdici(um) judgment (see judge) + -ārius -ary

judiciarily, adverb
subjudiciary, adjective, noun, plural subjudiciaries.

judicial, judiciary, judicious (see synonym study at judicious).
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
judiciary (dʒuːˈdɪʃɪərɪ, -ˈdɪʃərɪ)
 
adj
1.  of or relating to courts of law, judgment, or judges
 
n , -aries
2.  executive Compare legislature the branch of the central authority in a state concerned with the administration of justice
3.  the system of courts in a country
4.  the judges collectively; bench

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

judiciary
1611, from L. judiciarius "of or belonging to a court of justice," from judicium "judgment," from judicem (see judge). The noun meaning "a body of judges, judges collectively" is from 1802.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
If you don't agree with something sue, and let the judiciary decide.
Tonga's judiciary remains answerable first and foremost to the king, not the
  elected government.
It gives new powers to the prime minister and parliament and inaugurates a
  much-needed overhaul of the judiciary.
The printed press still strives to criticise the government, the judiciary is
  independent, civil society is vibrant.
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