karyotype

[kar-ee-uh-tahyp]
noun Genetics.
the chromosomes of a cell, usually displayed as a systematized arrangement of chromosome pairs in descending order of size.

Origin:
1925–30; karyo- + type

karyotypic [kar-ee-uh-tip-ik] , karyotypical, adjective
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World English Dictionary
karyotype (ˈkærɪəˌtaɪp)
 
n
1.  the appearance of the chromosomes in a somatic cell of an individual or species, with reference to their number, size, shape, etc
 
vb
2.  to determine the karyotype of (a cell)
 
karyotypic
 
adj
 
karyo'typical
 
adj

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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

karyotype kar·y·o·type (kār'ē-ə-tīp')
n.

  1. The characterization of the chromosomal complement of an individual or a species, including number, form, and size of the chromosomes.

  2. A photomicrograph of chromosomes arranged according to a standard classification.

v. kar·y·o·typed, kar·y·o·typ·ing, kar·y·o·types
To classify and array the chromosome complement of an organism or a species according to the arrangement, number, size, shape, or other characteristics of the chromosomes.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
karyotype   (kār'ē-ə-tīp')  Pronunciation Key 
Noun   An organized visual profile of the chromosomes in the nucleus of a body cell of an organism. Karyotypes are prepared using cells in the metaphase stage of cell division, when chromosomal strands have coiled together and duplicated, rendering them easily visible under a microscope after staining. Photomicrographs of the stained chromosomes are then arranged in a standard format according to size, the relative position of the centromere, and other criteria. The normal human karyotype consists of 46 chromosomes.

Verb   To prepare the karyotype of an organism.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
karyotype [(kar-ee-uh-teyep)]

The complete set of chromosomes that constitutes the entire genome of a species. The human karyotype contains forty-six chromosomes, twenty-three from each parent. This set is contained in the nucleus of almost every cell in the body

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The stained sample is photographed to provide a karyotype, which shows the arrangement of the chromosomes.
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