leukemia

[loo-kee-mee-uh]
noun Pathology.
any of several cancers of the bone marrow that prevent the normal manufacture of red and white blood cells and platelets, resulting in anemia, increased susceptibility to infection, and impaired blood clotting.
Also, leucemia.


Origin:
1850–55; earlier leuchaemia < German Leukämie (1848). See leuco-, -emia

leukemic, adjective
antileukemic, adjective, noun
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World English Dictionary
leukaemia or esp (US) leukemia (luːˈkiːmɪə)
 
n
an acute or chronic disease characterized by a gross proliferation of leucocytes, which crowd into the bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes, etc, and suppress the blood-forming apparatus
 
[C19: from leuco- + Greek haima blood]
 
leukemia or esp (US) leukemia
 
n
 
[C19: from leuco- + Greek haima blood]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

leukemia
1855, from Ger. Leukämie (1848), coined by R. Virchow from Gk. leukos "clear, white" (cognate with Goth. liuhaþ, O.E. leoht "light;" see light (n.)) + haima "blood" (see -emia).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

leukemia leu·ke·mi·a (lōō-kē'mē-ə)
n.
Any of various acute or chronic neoplastic diseases of the bone marrow in which unrestrained proliferation of white blood cells occurs and which is usually accompanied by anemia, impaired blood clotting, and enlargement of the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen.


leu·ke'mic adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
leukemia   (l-kē'mē-ə)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of various acute or chronic neoplastic diseases of the bone marrow in which unrestrained proliferation of white blood cells occurs, usually accompanied by anemia, impaired blood clotting, and enlargement of the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen. Certain viruses, genetic defects, chemicals, and ionizing radiation, are associated with an increased risk of leukemia, which is classified according to the cellular maturity of the involved white blood cells.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
leukemia [(looh-kee-mee-uh)]

A kind of cancer in which the number of white blood cells in the blood greatly increases. Leukemia usually spreads to the spleen, liver, lymph nodes, and other areas of the body, causing destruction of tissues and often resulting in death.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is cancer of a type of white blood cells called lymphocytes.
Chronic myelogenous leukemia is cancer that starts inside bone marrow, the soft tissue inside bones that helps form blood cells.
Bone-marrow transplants for leukemia rely on stem cells to replenish blood
  cells, for instance.
Other groups have recently screened for drugs that target leukemia stem cells
  and brain cancer stem cells.
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