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lozenge

[loz-inj] /ˈlɒz ɪndʒ/
noun
1.
a small, flavored tablet made from sugar or syrup, often medicated, originally diamond-shaped.
2.
Geometry Now Rare. diamond (def 8).
3.
Heraldry.
  1. a diamond-shaped charge.
  2. a diamond-shaped shield bearing the arms of a woman.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English losenge < Middle French, Old French, perhaps < Gaulish *lausa flat stone + -enge < Germanic -inga -ing3
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for lozenge
  • Zinc preparations in lozenge or nasal gel form are now available as cold treatments.
  • Patients receive one lozenge orally of capsaicin or placebo four times daily.
British Dictionary definitions for lozenge

lozenge

/ˈlɒzɪndʒ/
noun
1.
(med) Also called pastille, troche. a medicated tablet held in the mouth until it has dissolved
2.
(geometry) another name for rhombus
3.
(heraldry) a diamond-shaped charge
Word Origin
C14: from Old French losange, of Gaulish origin; compare Vulgar Latin lausa flat stone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lozenge
n.

figure having four equal sides and two acute and two obtuse angles, early 14c., from Old French losenge "windowpane, small square cake," etc., used for many flat quadrilateral things (Modern French losange). It has cognates in Spanish losanje, Catalan llosange, Italian lozanga. Probably from a pre-Roman Celtic language, perhaps Iberian *lausa or Gaulish *lausa "flat stone" (cf. Provençal lausa, Spanish losa, Catalan llosa, Portuguese lousa "slab, tombstone"), from a pre-Celtic language.

Originally in English a term in heraldry; meaning "small cake or tablet (originally diamond-shaped) of medicine and sugar, etc., meant to be held in the mouth and dissolved" is from 1520s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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lozenge in Medicine

lozenge loz·enge (lŏz'ĭnj)
n.
A small, medicated candy intended to be dissolved slowly in the mouth to lubricate and soothe irritated tissues of the throat.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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17
20
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