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notwithstanding

[not-with-stan-ding, -with-] /ˌnɒt wɪðˈstæn dɪŋ, -wɪθ-/
preposition
1.
in spite of; without being opposed or prevented by:
Notwithstanding a brilliant defense, he was found guilty. She went to the game anyway, doctor's orders notwithstanding.
conjunction
2.
in spite of the fact that; although:
It was the same material, notwithstanding the texture seemed different.
adverb
3.
nevertheless; anyway; yet:
We were invited notwithstanding.
Origin of notwithstanding
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English (preposition, adv., and conjunction); see not, withstand, -ing2
Synonyms
1. Notwithstanding, despite, in spite of imply that something is true even though there are obstacles or opposing conditions. The three expressions may be used practically interchangeably. Notwithstanding suggests, however, a hindrance of some kind: Notwithstanding the long delay, I shall still go. Despite indicates that there is an active opposition: Despite procrastination and disorganization, they finished the project. In spite of implies meeting strong opposing forces or circumstances that must be taken into account: She succeeded in spite of many discouragements.
Antonyms
1. because of, on account of.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for notwithstanding
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • notwithstanding her previous disappointments, she felt hopeful of success.

    Clemence Retta Babcock
  • But, notwithstanding this, she was a good mother, and Robert loved her.

    Brave and Bold Horatio Alger
  • notwithstanding this catastrophe, the five guns opposed to the Revenge continued their fire, and kept it up to the last.

  • It seemed, notwithstanding, that this must be the only course.

    Within the Law Marvin Dana
  • By the former construction it would have been lost, notwithstanding two to one of all who expressed an opinion were in favor.

British Dictionary definitions for notwithstanding

notwithstanding

/ˌnɒtwɪθˈstændɪŋ; -wɪð-/
preposition
1.
(often immediately postpositive) in spite of; despite
conjunction (subordinating)
2.
despite the fact that; although
sentence connector
3.
in spite of that; nevertheless
Word Origin
C14: not + withstanding, from Old English withstandan, on the model of Medieval Latin non obstante, Old French non obstant
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for notwithstanding
prep.

late 14c., notwiþstondynge, from not + present participle of the verb withstand. A loan-translation of Medieval Latin non obstante "being no hindrance," from ablative of obstans, present participle of obstare "stand opposite to" (see obstacle). As an adverb and as a conjunction from early 15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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