9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[not-with-stan-ding, -with-] /ˌnɒt wɪðˈstæn dɪŋ, -wɪθ-/
in spite of; without being opposed or prevented by:
Notwithstanding a brilliant defense, he was found guilty. She went to the game anyway, doctor's orders notwithstanding.
in spite of the fact that; although:
It was the same material, notwithstanding the texture seemed different.
nevertheless; anyway; yet:
We were invited notwithstanding.
Origin of notwithstanding
1350-1400; Middle English (preposition, adv., and conjunction); see not, withstand, -ing2
1. Notwithstanding, despite, in spite of imply that something is true even though there are obstacles or opposing conditions. The three expressions may be used practically interchangeably. Notwithstanding suggests, however, a hindrance of some kind: Notwithstanding the long delay, I shall still go. Despite indicates that there is an active opposition: Despite procrastination and disorganization, they finished the project. In spite of implies meeting strong opposing forces or circumstances that must be taken into account: She succeeded in spite of many discouragements.
1. because of, on account of. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for notwithstanding
  • I'm glad to hear you are happier post divorce, a bad brief relationship notwithstanding.
  • That notwithstanding, we still have to deal with truth in this society.
  • The differences notwithstanding, you can still make a fair estimate.
  • The tragedy however was coldly received, notwithstanding such assistance, and was acted but a short time.
  • And economic reality dictates that it will remain an important part of the picture, political posturing notwithstanding.
  • Secondly,notwithstanding that the cosmological redshift model is made up, it does not manage to do the job it was made up for.
  • These findings notwithstanding, scientists do not believe that our life spans are actually programmed into us.
  • notwithstanding, it may be worth to discuss other contradictions too.
  • The first was that, outward appearances notwithstanding, the campaign prepared a clear strategy and did considerable planning.
  • Mahan notwithstanding, too few strategists at the time were thinking seriously about sea power.
British Dictionary definitions for notwithstanding


/ˌnɒtwɪθˈstændɪŋ; -wɪð-/
(often immediately postpositive) in spite of; despite
conjunction (subordinating)
despite the fact that; although
sentence connector
in spite of that; nevertheless
Word Origin
C14: not + withstanding, from Old English withstandan, on the model of Medieval Latin non obstante, Old French non obstant
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for notwithstanding

late 14c., notwiþstondynge, from not + present participle of the verb withstand. A loan-translation of Medieval Latin non obstante "being no hindrance," from ablative of obstans, present participle of obstare "stand opposite to" (see obstacle). As an adverb and as a conjunction from early 15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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