verb (used with object)
to reach or extend over or beyond: The shelf overreached the nook and had to be planed down.
to go beyond, as a thing aimed at or sought: an arrow that had overreached the target.
to stretch to excess, as by a straining effort: to overreach one's arm and strain a muscle.
to defeat (oneself) by overdoing matters, often by excessive eagerness or cunning: In trying to promote disunity he had overreached himself.
to strain or exert (oneself or itself) to the point of exceeding the purpose.
to get the better of, especially by deceit or trickery; outwit: Every time you deal with them you wonder if they're overreaching you.
to overtake.
Obsolete. to overpower.
verb (used without object)
to reach or extend over something.
to reach too far: In grabbing for the rope he overreached and fell.
to cheat others.
(of a running or walking horse) to strike, or strike and injure, the forefoot with the hind foot.
Nautical. to sail on a tack longer than is desirable or was intended; overstand.

1250–1300; Middle English; see over-, reach

overreacher, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
overreach (ˌəʊvəˈriːtʃ)
1.  (tr) to defeat or thwart (oneself) by attempting to do or gain too much
2.  (tr) to aim for but miss by going too far or attempting too much
3.  to get the better of (a person) by trickery
4.  (tr) to reach or extend beyond or over
5.  (intr) to reach or go too far
6.  (intr) (of a horse) to strike the back of a forefoot with the edge of the opposite hind foot

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, "to reach above or beyond" (trans.), from over + reach (q.v.). Meaning "to extend over something, to cover it" is from c.1400. Sense of "to reach beyond one's strength" is from 1568.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But the bill may overreach its intentions, some worry.
In economics, uncertainty unsettles the markets, causing key actors to
  miscalculate or overreach.
These distinguished poems do not overreach themselves with natter of private
  affairs better left unpublished.
Ironically, the failure of experts to recognize when they overreach can be
  explained by insights from behavioral economics.
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