verb (used with object), overtook, overtaken, overtaking.
to catch up with in traveling or pursuit; draw even with: By taking a cab to the next town, we managed to overtake and board the train.
to catch up with and pass, as in a race; move by: He overtook the leader three laps from the finish.
to move ahead of in achievement, production, score, etc.; surpass: to overtake all other countries in steel production.
to happen to or befall someone suddenly or unexpectedly, as night, a storm, or death: The pounding rainstorm overtook them just outside the city.
verb (used without object), overtook, overtaken, overtaking.
to pass another vehicle: Never overtake on a curve.

1175–1225; Middle English overtaken; see over-, take

unovertaken, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
overtake (ˌəʊvəˈteɪk)
vb , -takes, -taking, -took, -taken
1.  chiefly (Brit) to move past (another vehicle or person) travelling in the same direction
2.  (tr) to pass or do better than, after catching up with
3.  (tr) to come upon suddenly or unexpectedly: night overtook him
4.  (tr) to catch up with; draw level with

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"to come up to, to catch in pursuit," early 13c. (implied in pp. ouer-token), from over + take (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The vine is invasive, killing anything it can overtake by blocking sunlight.
But these days, avalanches don't often overtake skiers at resorts because the
  ski patrol makes sure the slopes are safe.
Cold fronts are able to overtake warm fronts because they move faster.
Any stalker could obviously overtake and nibble on any defenseless sky-whale
  whenever it pleased.
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