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penalty

[pen-l-tee] /ˈpɛn l ti/
noun, plural penalties.
1.
a punishment imposed or incurred for a violation of law or rule.
2.
a loss, forfeiture, suffering, or the like, to which one subjects oneself by nonfulfillment of some obligation.
3.
something that is forfeited, as a sum of money.
4.
a disadvantage imposed upon one of the competitors or upon one side for infraction of the rules of a game, sport, etc.
5.
consequence or disadvantage attached to any action, condition, etc.
Origin
1505-1515
1505-15;Medieval Latin poenālitās. See penal, -ty2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for penalties
  • There are no service contracts, and no penalties for canceling.
  • Now, a new national law aims to protect the national treasure, though the first penalties have been relatively mild.
  • penalties for animal cruelty need to be tripled in the case of dogfighting.
  • Heavy penalties can be imposed for importing, selling, or transporting it.
  • Few are ever caught, and penalties are usually no more severe than a parking ticket.
  • They are doing their best and have gotten much more aggressive with the penalties for piracy.
  • Countries may also threaten to use economic sanctions, or penalties.
  • Informers are paid twenty-five per-cent up to fifty thousand dollars, of the dues and penalties.
  • These twelve counts carried a maxi- mum of eighty-four years in penalties, wIth one-third off for good behavior.
  • Having shot an albatross, he and his companions were subjected to fearful penalties.
British Dictionary definitions for penalties

penalty

/ˈpɛnəltɪ/
noun (pl) -ties
1.
a legal or official punishment, such as a term of imprisonment
2.
some other form of punishment, such as a fine or forfeit for not fulfilling a contract
3.
loss, suffering, or other unfortunate result of one's own action, error, etc
4.
(sport, games) a handicap awarded against a player or team for illegal play, such as a free shot at goal by the opposing team, loss of points, etc
Word Origin
C16: from Medieval Latin poenālitās penalty; see penal
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for penalties

penalty

n.

mid-15c., from Middle French penalité and directly from Medieval Latin poenalitatem (nominative poenalitas), from Latin poenalis (see penal). The sporting sense is first recorded 1885. Ice hockey penalty box attested by 1931.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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