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penalty

[pen-l-tee] /ˈpɛn l ti/
noun, plural penalties.
1.
a punishment imposed or incurred for a violation of law or rule.
2.
a loss, forfeiture, suffering, or the like, to which one subjects oneself by nonfulfillment of some obligation.
3.
something that is forfeited, as a sum of money.
4.
a disadvantage imposed upon one of the competitors or upon one side for infraction of the rules of a game, sport, etc.
5.
consequence or disadvantage attached to any action, condition, etc.
Origin of penalty
1505-1515
1505-15;Medieval Latin poenālitās. See penal, -ty2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for penalties
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Neither the offenses nor the penalties are defined in advance.

    Folkways William Graham Sumner
  • Ill-considered remedies for our faults bring only penalties after them.

  • I am not indifferent to the duty every writer owes to public opinion, nor the penalties he incurs in running counter to it.

    An Outcast F. Colburn Adams
  • He has no identification tag; he releases Peabody; seems not to know the penalties.

    Slaves of Mercury Nat Schachner
  • But the penalties of giving are manifold, and he now felt a novel glow of sheer beneficence.

    The Wrong Twin Harry Leon Wilson
British Dictionary definitions for penalties

penalty

/ˈpɛnəltɪ/
noun (pl) -ties
1.
a legal or official punishment, such as a term of imprisonment
2.
some other form of punishment, such as a fine or forfeit for not fulfilling a contract
3.
loss, suffering, or other unfortunate result of one's own action, error, etc
4.
(sport, games) a handicap awarded against a player or team for illegal play, such as a free shot at goal by the opposing team, loss of points, etc
Word Origin
C16: from Medieval Latin poenālitās penalty; see penal
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for penalties

penalty

n.

mid-15c., from Middle French penalité and directly from Medieval Latin poenalitatem (nominative poenalitas), from Latin poenalis (see penal). The sporting sense is first recorded 1885. Ice hockey penalty box attested by 1931.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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