pine

2 [pahyn]
verb (used without object), pined, pining.
1.
to yearn deeply; suffer with longing; long painfully (often followed by for ): to pine for one's home and family.
2.
to fail gradually in health or vitality from grief, regret, or longing (often followed by away ): Separated by their families, the lovers pined away.
3.
Archaic. to be discontented; fret.
verb (used with object), pined, pining.
4.
Archaic. to suffer grief or regret over.
noun
5.
Archaic. painful longing.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English pinen to torture, torment, inflict pain, be in pain; Old English pīnian to torture, derivative of pīn torture (Middle English pine) < Late Latin pēna, Latin poena punishment. See pain


1. See yearn. 2. dwindle, decline, languish, droop, waste.
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World English Dictionary
pine1 (paɪn)
 
n
1.  longleaf pine nut pine pitch pine See also Scots pine any evergreen resinous coniferous tree of the genus Pinus, of the N hemisphere, with long needle-shaped leaves and brown cones: family Pinaceae
2.  any other tree or shrub of the family Pinaceae
3.  the wood of any of these trees
4.  any of various similar but unrelated plants, such as ground pine and screw pine
 
[Old English pīn, from Latin pīnus pine]

pine2 (paɪn)
 
vb (often foll by away)
1.  (intr; often foll by for or an infinitive) to feel great longing or desire; yearn
2.  to become ill, feeble, or thin through worry, longing, etc
3.  archaic (tr) to mourn or grieve for
 
[Old English pīnian to torture, from pīn pain, from Medieval Latin pēna, from Latin poenapain]

Pine (paɪn)
 
n
Courtney. born 1964, British jazz saxophonist

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

pine
"coniferous tree," O.E. pintreow, the first element from L. pinus, from PIE *pei- "fat, sap, pitch" (cf. Skt. pituh "juice, sap, resin," pitudaruh "pine tree," Gk. pitys "pine tree," L. pinguis "fat"). Pine-top "cheap illicit whiskey," first recorded 1858, Southern U.S. slang.

pine
O.E. pinian "torture, torment, afflict, cause to suffer," from *pine "pain, torture, punishment," possibly ult. from L. poena "punishment, penalty," from Gk. poine (see penal). A Latin word that rode into Germanic (cf. M.Du. pinen, O.H.G. pinon, O.N. pina) with Christianity.
Intransitive sense of "to languish, waste away" is first recorded c.1440.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
And still others spend their days pining for the one that got away, thinking of
  new and creative ways to woo her.
The oil companies want it, pining for clarity so that they can safely increase
  production.
So, they in essence ignored the real evidence and were pining away for evidence
  that didn't exist.
The rider really tries to settle down to ranching, but finds himself pining for
  the rodeo.
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