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poisoning

[poi-zuh-ning] /ˈpɔɪ zə nɪŋ/
noun, Pathology
1.
the condition produced by a poison or by a toxic substance.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English poisenynge. See poison, -ing1

poison

[poi-zuh n] /ˈpɔɪ zən/
noun
1.
a substance with an inherent property that tends to destroy life or impair health.
2.
something harmful or pernicious, as to happiness or well-being:
the poison of slander.
3.
Slang. any variety of alcoholic liquor:
Name your poison!
verb (used with object)
4.
to administer poison to (a person or animal).
5.
to kill or injure with or as if with poison.
6.
to put poison into or upon; saturate with poison:
to poison food.
7.
to ruin, vitiate, or corrupt:
Hatred had poisoned his mind.
8.
Chemistry. to destroy or diminish the activity of (a catalyst or enzyme).
adjective
9.
causing poisoning; poisonous:
a poison shrub.
Origin
1200-50; Middle English puisun < Old French < Latin pōtiōn- (stem of pōtiō) drink, potion, poisonous draught
Related forms
poisoner, noun
poisonless, adjective
poisonlessness, noun
outpoison, verb (used with object)
self-poisoner, noun
unpoisoned, adjective
Synonyms
1. Poison, toxin, venom are terms for any substance that injures the health or destroys life when absorbed into the system, especially of a higher animal. Poison is the general word: a poison for insects. A toxin is a poison produced by an organism; it is especially used in medicine in reference to disease-causing bacterial secretions: A toxin produces diphtheria. Venom is especially used of the poisons secreted by certain animals, usually injected by bite or sting: the venom of a snake. 7. contaminate, pollute, taint.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for poisoning
  • Coffee acts as an antidote for opium and alcoholic poisoning.
  • The poisoning of an emperor is in one sense a far more serious matter than the poisoning of a rat.
  • He was in great pain and many times accused some of the officers of poisoning him.
  • Still, a few people die every year from fugu poisoning, mostly at the hands of inexperienced cooks.
  • He contracted food poisoning and died soon afterwards.
  • Fishermen injured by sharp fish spines often got blood poisoning.
  • There are many different types of shellfish poisoning.
  • poisoning from this chemical can be acute or chronic.
  • Prolonged treatment often is needed to reverse the poisoning, including intensive care hospitalization and long-term therapy.
  • Merthiolate poisoning occurs when large amounts of the substance are swallowed or come in contact with your skin.
British Dictionary definitions for poisoning

poison

/ˈpɔɪzən/
noun
1.
any substance that can impair function, cause structural damage, or otherwise injure the body related adjective toxic
2.
something that destroys, corrupts, etc the poison of fascism
3.
a substance that retards a chemical reaction or destroys or inhibits the activity of a catalyst
4.
a substance that absorbs neutrons in a nuclear reactor and thus slows down the reaction. It may be added deliberately or formed during fission
5.
(informal) what's your poison?, what would you like to drink?
verb (transitive)
6.
to give poison to (a person or animal) esp with intent to kill
7.
to add poison to
8.
to taint or infect with or as if with poison
9.
(foll by against) to turn (a person's mind) against he poisoned her mind against me
10.
to retard or stop (a chemical or nuclear reaction) by the action of a poison
11.
to inhibit or destroy (the activity of a catalyst) by the action of a poison
Derived Forms
poisoner, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French puison potion, from Latin pōtiō a drink, esp a poisonous one, from pōtāre to drink
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for poisoning
poison
early 13c., "a deadly potion," from O.Fr. puison (12c.) "a drink," later "a potion, poisonous drink" (14c.), from L. potionem (nom. potio) "a drink," also "poisonous drink," from potare "to drink" (see potion). The O.E. word was ator (see attercop) or lybb. Slang sense of "alcoholic drink" first attested 1805, Amer.Eng. The verb is c.1300, from the noun. Related: Poisoned; poisoning. Poison ivy first recorded 1784; poison oak is from 1743. Poison gas first recorded 1915. Poison-pen (letter) popularized 1913 by a notorious criminal case in Pennsylvania, U.S.; it may date back to 1908. In many Germanic languages "poison" is euphemistically named by a word equivalent to English gift (cf. O.H.G. gift, Dan., Swed. gift; Du. gift, vergift). This choice might have been aided by Gk. dosis "a portion prescribed," lit. "a giving," used by Galen and other Greek physicians to mean an amount of medicine (see dose).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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poisoning in Medicine

poison poi·son (poi'zən)
n.

  1. A substance taken internally or applied externally that is injurious to health or dangerous to life.

  2. A chemical substance that inhibits another substance or a reaction.

v. poi·soned, poi·son·ing, poi·sons
To kill or harm with poison.

poisoning n.

  1. The state of being poisoned.

  2. The administration of a poison.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for poisoning

poison

noun
  1. A situation, person, event, etc, that portends harm and evil; murder: Don't try that route, it's poison (1918+)
  2. Liquor, esp cheap whiskey (1805+)
Related Terms

snake poison, name your poison


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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poisoning in the Bible

(1.) Heb. hemah, "heat," the poison of certain venomous reptiles (Deut. 32:24, 33; Job 6:4; Ps. 58:4), causing inflammation. (2.) Heb. rosh, "a head," a poisonous plant (Deut. 29:18), growing luxuriantly (Hos. 10:4), of a bitter taste (Ps. 69:21; Lam. 3:5), and coupled with wormwood; probably the poppy. This word is rendered "gall", q.v., (Deut. 29:18; 32:33; Ps. 69:21; Jer. 8:14, etc.), "hemlock" (Hos. 10:4; Amos 6:12), and "poison" (Job 20:16), "the poison of asps," showing that the _rosh_ was not exclusively a vegetable poison. (3.) In Rom. 3:13 (comp. Job 20:16; Ps. 140:3), James 3:8, as the rendering of the Greek ios.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with poisoning
In addition to the idiom beginning with poison also see: one man's meat is another man's poison
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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