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polished

[pol-isht] /ˈpɒl ɪʃt/
adjective
1.
made smooth and glossy:
a figurine of polished mahogany.
2.
naturally smooth and glossy:
polished pebbles on the beach.
3.
refined, cultured, or elegant:
a polished manner.
4.
flawless; skillful; excellent:
a polished conversationalist.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English polist. See polish, -ed2
Related forms
unpolished, adjective
well-polished, adjective

polish

[pol-ish] /ˈpɒl ɪʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to make smooth and glossy, especially by rubbing or friction:
to polish a brass doorknob.
2.
to render finished, refined, or elegant:
His speech needs polishing.
verb (used without object)
3.
to become smooth and glossy through polishing:
a flooring that polishes easily.
4.
Archaic. to become refined or elegant.
noun
5.
a substance used to give smoothness or gloss:
shoe polish.
6.
the act of polishing.
7.
state of being polished.
8.
smoothness and gloss of surface.
9.
superiority of manner or execution; refinement; elegance:
the polish of a professional singer.
Verb phrases
10.
polish off, Informal.
  1. to finish or dispose of quickly:
    They polished off a gallon of ice cream between them.
  2. to subdue or get rid of someone:
    The fighter polished off his opponent in the first round.
11.
polish up, to improve; refine:
She took lessons to polish up her speech.
Origin
1250-1300; Middle English polishen < Middle French poliss-, long stem of polir < Latin polīre to polish; see -ish2
Related forms
polisher, noun
depolish, verb (used with object)
interpolish, verb (used with object)
overpolish, verb (used with object)
prepolish, noun, verb (used with object)
repolish, verb, noun
Synonyms
1. shine, brighten, burnish, buff, smooth. 8. shine, gleam. Polish, gloss, luster, sheen refer to a smooth, shining, or bright surface from which light is reflected. Polish suggests the smooth, bright reflection often produced by friction: rubbed to a high polish. Gloss suggests a superficial, hard smoothness characteristic of lacquered, varnished, or enameled surfaces: a gloss on oilcloth, on paper. Luster denotes the characteristic quality of the light reflected from the surfaces of certain materials (pearls, silk, wax, freshly cut metals, etc.): a pearly luster. Sheen, sometimes poetical, suggests a glistening brightness such as that reflected from the surface of silk or velvet, or from furniture oiled and hand-polished: a rich velvety sheen.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for polished
  • They tended to be bright, polished, affluent and ambitious.
  • The images are cast and polished, and exhibit much ingenuity in the modeling.
  • And finally pantyhose give a sophisticated, polished, finished or professional appearance.
  • Of course, do well on standardized tests and present a polished, professional application.
  • The two which remain are polished, to their great benefit.
  • The swarms of the polished deprecating and reflectors and the polite float off and leave no remembrance.
  • They found him polished, straightforward, and urbane.
  • Shoes had to be polished, there must be no buttons off the clothing, and no grease-spots.
  • polished and warm, sleek and white were the two thighs.
  • So many feet have stepped cautiously to the edge of major overlooks that in places the rock has been polished smooth.
British Dictionary definitions for polished

polished

/ˈpɒlɪʃt/
adjective
1.
accomplished: a polished actor
2.
impeccably or professionally done: a polished performance
3.
(of rice) having had the outer husk removed by milling

polish

/ˈpɒlɪʃ/
verb
1.
to make or become smooth and shiny by rubbing, esp with wax or an abrasive
2.
(transitive) to make perfect or complete
3.
to make or become elegant or refined
noun
4.
a finish or gloss
5.
the act of polishing or the condition of having been polished
6.
a substance used to produce a smooth and shiny, often protective surface
7.
elegance or refinement, esp in style, manner, etc
See also polish off, polish up
Derived Forms
polishable, adjective
polisher, noun
Word Origin
C13 polis, from Old French polir, from Latin polīre to polish

Polish

/ˈpəʊlɪʃ/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or characteristic of Poland, its people, or their language
noun
2.
the official language of Poland, belonging to the West Slavonic branch of the Indo-European family
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for polished
adj.

late 14c., "made smooth;" early 15c., "elegant;" past participle adjective from polish (v.).

polish

v.

early 14c., polischen "make smooth," from Old French poliss-, present participle stem of polir (12c.) "to polish, decorate, see to one's appearance," from Latin polire "to polish, make smooth; decorate, embellish;" figuratively "refine, improve," said to be from Proto-Indo-European *pel- "to thrust, strike, drive" (via the notion of fulling cloth). The sense of "free from coarseness, to refine" first recorded in English mid-14c. Related: Polished; polishing. Slang polish off "finish" is 1837, from notion of applying a coat of polish being the final step in a piece of work.

n.

1590s, "absence of coarseness," from polish (v.). From 1704 as "act of polishing;" 1819 as "substance used in polishing."

Polish

adj.

1670s, from Pole + -ish. Related: Polishness. Polish-American attested from 1898.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for polished

Polish

Related Terms

is the pope polish


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with polished
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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