1250–1300; Middle English polishen
< Middle French poliss-,
long stem of polir
< Latin polīre
to polish; see -ish2
polisher, noundepolish, verb (used with object)interpolish, verb (used with object)overpolish, verb (used with object)prepolish, noun, verb (used with object)repolish, verb, noun
shine, brighten, burnish, buff, smooth. 8.
shine, gleam. Polish, gloss, luster, sheen
refer to a smooth, shining, or bright surface from which light is reflected. Polish
suggests the smooth, bright reflection often produced by friction: rubbed to a high polish. Gloss
suggests a superficial, hard smoothness characteristic of lacquered, varnished, or enameled surfaces: a gloss on oilcloth, on paper. Luster
denotes the characteristic quality of the light reflected from the surfaces of certain materials (pearls, silk, wax, freshly cut metals, etc.): a pearly luster. Sheen
sometimes poetical, suggests a glistening brightness such as that reflected from the surface of silk or velvet, or from furniture oiled and hand-polished: a rich velvety sheen.