primacy

[prahy-muh-see]
noun, plural primacies for 2, 3.
1.
the state of being first in order, rank, importance, etc.
2.
Also called primateship. English Ecclesiastics. the office, rank, or dignity of a primate.
3.
Roman Catholic Church. the jurisdiction of a bishop, as a patriarch, over other bishoprics, or the supreme jurisdiction of the pope as supreme bishop.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English primacie < Medieval Latin prīmātia, alteration of Latin prīmātus (prīm(us) prime + -ātus -ate3); see -y3

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World English Dictionary
primacy (ˈpraɪməsɪ)
 
n , pl -cies
1.  the state of being first in rank, grade, etc
2.  Christianity the office, rank, or jurisdiction of a primate or senior bishop or (in the Roman Catholic Church) the pope

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

primacy
1382, from O.Fr. primacie, from M.L. primatia "office of a church primate" (1174), from L.L. primas (gen. primatis) "principal, chief, of the first rank" (see primate).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The nervous, intense vitality of his line took primacy over everything else.
The fallacy of shareholder primacy then becomes evident when customers and
  workers migrate to other firms following such cuts.
So much for the primacy of independent thought and the life of the mind.
If there was any boxing-in, it is perhaps due to the primacy of the military
  principle of chain of command.
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