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punish

[puhn-ish] /ˈpʌn ɪʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to subject to pain, loss, confinement, death, etc., as a penalty for some offense, transgression, or fault:
to punish a criminal.
2.
to inflict a penalty for (an offense, fault, etc.):
to punish theft.
3.
to handle severely or roughly, as in a fight.
4.
to put to painful exertion, as a horse in racing.
5.
Informal. to make a heavy inroad on; deplete:
to punish a quart of whiskey.
verb (used without object)
6.
to inflict punishment.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English punischen < Middle French puniss-, long stem of punir < Latin pūnīre; akin to poena penalty, pain
Related forms
punisher, noun
overpunish, verb
prepunish, verb (used with object)
quasi-punished, adjective
repunish, verb
self-punished, adjective
self-punisher, noun
unpunished, adjective
well-punished, adjective
Synonyms
1. chastise, castigate. Punish, correct, discipline refer to making evident public or private disapproval of violations of law, wrongdoing, or refusal to obey rules or regulations by imposing penalties. To punish is chiefly to inflict penalty or pain as a retribution for misdeeds, with little or no expectation of correction or improvement: to punish a thief. To correct is to reprove or inflict punishment for faults, specifically with the idea of bringing about improvement: to correct a rebellious child. To discipline is to give a kind of punishment that will educate or will establish useful habits: to discipline a careless driver. 1, 2. penalize.
Antonyms
1, 2. reward.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for punished
  • As soon as their opponents discovered their deception, they were punished.
  • Alternatively, you could have found yourself in the control condition in which the cheater was never punished.
  • They do it with the certain knowledge that when things go wrong the taxpayer must bail them out, and they can never be punished.
  • Abby chased them once and was punished, and that was it.
  • The small group that continues to question often gets punished or mocked.
  • The court system might be one place to look for guidance, as people are punished there for killing endangered species.
  • It's a sad fact of life that some people do horrendous things and must be punished for their actions.
  • Law breakers, regardless of their origin, should be punished.
  • The remaining four fifths are usually punished with a jail sentence, a term of probation, or both.
  • Consumers are insulated from the costs of their decisions and providers are punished for efficiency.
British Dictionary definitions for punished

punish

/ˈpʌnɪʃ/
verb
1.
to force (someone) to undergo a penalty or sanction, such as imprisonment, fines, death, etc, for some crime or misdemeanour
2.
(transitive) to inflict punishment for (some crime, etc)
3.
(transitive) to use or treat harshly or roughly, esp as by overexertion: to punish a horse
4.
(transitive) (informal) to consume (some commodity) in large quantities: to punish the bottle
Derived Forms
punisher, noun
punishing, adjective
punishingly, adverb
Word Origin
C14 punisse, from Old French punir, from Latin pūnīre to punish, from poena penalty
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for punished

punish

v.

c.1300, from Old French puniss-, extended present participle stem of punir "to punish," from Latin punire "punish, correct, chastise; take vengeance for; inflict a penalty on, cause pain for some offense," earlier poenire, from poena "penalty, punishment" (see penal). Colloquial meaning "to inflict heavy damage or loss" is first recorded 1801, originally in boxing. Related: Punished; punishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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