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radius

[rey-dee-uh s] /ˈreɪ di əs/
noun, plural radii
[rey-dee-ahy] /ˈreɪ diˌaɪ/ (Show IPA),
radiuses.
1.
a straight line extending from the center of a circle or sphere to the circumference or surface:
The radius of a circle is half the diameter.
2.
the length of such a line.
3.
any radial or radiating part.
4.
a circular area having an extent determined by the length of the radius from a given or specified central point:
every house within a radius of 50 miles.
5.
a field or range of operation or influence.
6.
extent of possible operation, travel, etc., as under a single supply of fuel:
the flying radius of an airplane.
7.
Anatomy. the bone of the forearm on the thumb side.
Compare ulna (def 1).
8.
Zoology. a corresponding bone in the forelimb of other vertebrates.
9.
Machinery Now Rare. the throw of an eccentric wheel or cam.
10.
a rounded corner or edge on a machined or cast piece of metal.
11.
Entomology. one of the principal longitudinal veins in the anterior portion of the wing of an insect.
Origin
1590-1600
1590-1600; < Latin: staff, rod, spoke, beam, orig., ray1
Can be confused
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for radius
  • As oxytocin comes into sharper focus, its social radius of action turns out to have definite limits.
  • The study's findings indicate cause for concern within a much larger radius than previously imagined around drill sites.
  • The construction begins with a circle of radius one.
  • That's not a big problem on its own, but the blast radius also seems to have been increased.
  • We have three postal offices that are all within a two mile radius.
  • The alpha is charged, and may account for the larger than acceptable error in radius.
  • Hopefully by now you realize r d is the radius of the circle the dude moves in and r z is the radius of the zombie's circle.
  • He broke his radius and ulna then cut through the remaining skin and tendons, freeing himself and saving his life.
  • The angular velocity of stars is remarkably constant across the galactic radius.
  • They connect a bone graft taken from my left leg to the upper part of my radius and to my wrist.
British Dictionary definitions for radius

radius

/ˈreɪdɪəs/
noun (pl) -dii (-dɪˌaɪ), -diuses
1.
a straight line joining the centre of a circle or sphere to any point on the circumference or surface
2.
the length of this line, usually denoted by the symbol r
3.
the distance from the centre of a regular polygon to a vertex (long radius) or the perpendicular distance to a side (short radius)
4.
(anatomy) the outer and slightly shorter of the two bones of the human forearm, extending from the elbow to the wrist
5.
a corresponding bone in other vertebrates
6.
any of the veins of an insect's wing
7.
a group of ray florets, occurring in such plants as the daisy
8.
  1. any radial or radiating part, such as a spoke
  2. (as modifier): a radius arm
9.
the lateral displacement of a cam or eccentric wheel
10.
a circular area of a size indicated by the length of its radius: the police stopped every lorry within a radius of four miles
11.
the operational limit of a ship, aircraft, etc
Word Origin
C16: from Latin: rod, ray, spoke
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for radius
n.

1590s, "cross-shaft," from Latin radius "staff, stake, rod; spoke of a wheel; ray of light, beam of light; radius of a circle," of unknown origin. Perhaps related to radix "root," but Tucker suggests connection to Sanskrit vardhate "rises, makes grow," via root *neredh- "rise, out, extend forth;" or else Greek ardis "sharp point."

The geometric sense first recorded 1610s. Plural is radii. Meaning "circular area of defined distance around some place" is attested from 1953. Meaning "shorter bone of the forearm" is from 1610s in English (the Latin word had been used thus by the Romans).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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radius in Medicine

radius ra·di·us (rā'dē-əs)
n. pl. ra·di·us·es or ra·di·i (-dē-ī')

  1. A line segment that joins the center of a circle with any point on its circumference.

  2. A long, prismatic, slightly curved bone, the shorter and thicker of the two forearm bones, located laterally to the ulna.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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radius in Science
radius
  (rā'dē-əs)   
Plural radii (rā'dē-ī') or radiuses
  1. A line segment that joins the center of a circle or sphere with any point on the circumference of the circle or the surface of the sphere. It is half the length of the diameter.

  2. The shorter and thicker of the two bones of the forearm or the lower portion of the foreleg. See more at skeleton.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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radius in Technology

Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Encyclopedia Article for radius

in anatomy, the outer of the two bones of the forearm when viewed with the palm facing forward. All land vertebrates have this bone. In humans it is shorter than the other bone of the forearm, the ulna.

Learn more about radius with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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