relativism

[rel-uh-tuh-viz-uhm]
noun Philosophy.
any theory holding that criteria of judgment are relative, varying with individuals and their environments.

Origin:
1860–65; relative + -ism

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Collins
World English Dictionary
relativism (ˈrɛlətɪˌvɪzəm)
 
n
See also historicism any theory holding that truth or moral or aesthetic value, etc, is not universal or absolute but may differ between individuals or cultures
 
'relativist
 
n, —adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

relativism definition


The doctrine that no ideas or beliefs are universally true but that all are, instead, “relative” — that is, their validity depends on the circumstances in which they are applied.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Relativism about morality has come to play an increasingly important role in
  contemporary culture.
In other words, he is decadent, and his relativism does undermine the future of
  literary studies.
None of these horrors can be excused in the name of cultural relativism.
With simple puzzles, experimental philosophy can tell if you view the world as
  an absolutist or lean toward relativism.
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