smallpox

[smawl-poks]
noun Pathology.
an acute, highly contagious, febrile disease, caused by the variola virus, and characterized by a pustular eruption that often leaves permanent pits or scars: eradicated worldwide by vaccination programs.

Origin:
1510–20; small + pox

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World English Dictionary
smallpox (ˈsmɔːlˌpɒks)
 
n
Technical name: variola an acute highly contagious viral disease characterized by high fever, severe prostration, and a pinkish rash changing in form from papules to pustules, which dry up and form scabs that are cast off, leaving pitted depressionsRelated: variolous
 
Related: variolous
 
[C16: from small + pox. So called to distinguish it from the Great Pox, an archaic name for syphilis]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

smallpox
1518, small pokkes, as distinguished from great pox "syphillis" (see pox). Cf. Fr. petite vérole.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

smallpox small·pox (smôl'pŏks')
n.
An acute, highly infectious, often fatal disease caused by a poxvirus and characterized by high fever and aches with subsequent widespread eruption of papules that blister, produce pus, and form scabs that leave permanent pockmarks. Also called variola.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
smallpox   (smôl'pŏks')  Pronunciation Key 
A highly infectious and often fatal disease caused by the variola virus of the genus Orthopoxvirus and characterized by fever, headache, and severely inflamed skin sores that result in extensive scarring. Once a dreaded killer of children that caused the deaths of millions of native americans after the arrival of European settlers in the Americas, smallpox was declared eradicated in 1980 following a worldwide vaccination campaign. Samples of the virus have been preserved in laboratories in the United States and Russia. Also called variola. See Note at Jenner.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

smallpox definition


An acute and infectious disease caused by a virus and now almost completely eradicated. Smallpox was characterized by high fever and large sores on the body that leave scars.

Note: A surface with many blemishes is sometimes said to be “pockmarked” because it resembles the skin of a smallpox sufferer.
Note: Smallpox is the first disease of humans to be completely eradicated by a worldwide campaign of inoculation.
Note: Today, the smallpox virus exists only in laboratories.
Note: The use of smallpox is a major concern in the area of bioterrorism.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
It also produced smallpox and syphilis and potato blight.
Twenty-five years ago this month, smallpox was officially eradicated.
But the hat itself carried smallpox, and it was killing them with belief.
Think back to when smallpox, diphtheria, polio etc were real scourges.
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