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sole1

[sohl] /soʊl/
adjective
1.
being the only one; only:
the sole living relative.
2.
being the only one of the kind; unique; unsurpassed; matchless:
the sole brilliance of the gem.
3.
belonging or pertaining to one individual or group to the exclusion of all others; exclusive:
the sole right to the estate.
4.
functioning automatically or with independent power:
the sole authority.
5.
Chiefly Law. unmarried.
6.
without company or companions; lonely:
the sole splendor of her life.
7.
Archaic. alone.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; < Latin sōlus alone; replacing Middle English soule alone < Old French sol < Latin sōlus
Related forms
soleness, noun
Synonyms
1. solitary. 2. individual.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for soleness'

sole1

/səʊl/
adjective
1.
(prenominal) being the only one; only
2.
(prenominal) of or relating to one individual or group and no other: sole rights on a patent
3.
(law) having no wife or husband See also feme sole
4.
an archaic word for solitary
Derived Forms
soleness, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French soule, from Latin sōlus alone

sole2

/səʊl/
noun
1.
the underside of the foot related adjectives plantar volar
2.
the underside of a shoe
3.
  1. the bottom of a furrow
  2. the bottom of a plough
4.
the underside of a golf-club head
5.
the bottom of an oven, furnace, etc
verb (transitive)
6.
to provide (a shoe) with a sole
7.
(golf) to rest (the club) on the ground, as when preparing to make a stroke
Derived Forms
soleless, adjective
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Latin solea sandal; probably related to solum the ground

sole3

/səʊl/
noun (pl) sole, soles
1.
any tongue-shaped flatfish of the family Soleidae, esp Solea solea (European sole): most common in warm seas and highly valued as food fishes
2.
any of certain other similar fishes
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Vulgar Latin sola (unattested), from Latin solea a sandal (from the fish's shape)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for soleness'

sole

n.

"bottom of the foot" ("technically, the planta, corresponding to the palm of the hand," Century Dictionary), early 14c., from Old French sole, from Vulgar Latin *sola, from Latin solea "sandal, bottom of a shoe; a flatfish," from solum "bottom, ground, foundation, lowest point of a thing" (hence "sole of the foot"), of uncertain origin. In English, the meaning "bottom of a shoe or boot" is from late 14c.

common European flatfish, mid-13c., from Old French sole, from Latin solea "a kind of flatfish," originally "sandal" (see sole (n.1)); so called from resemblance of the fish to a flat shoe.

adj.

"single, alone, having no husband or wife; one and only, singular, unique," late 14c., from Old French soul "only, alone, just," from Latin solus "alone, only, single, sole; forsaken; extraordinary," of unknown origin, perhaps related to se "oneself," from PIE reflexive root *swo- (see so).

v.

"furnish (a shoe) with a sole," 1560s, from sole (n.1). Related: Soled; soling.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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soleness' in Medicine

sole (sōl)
n.
The underside of the foot.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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