1 [sohl]
being the only one; only: the sole living relative.
being the only one of the kind; unique; unsurpassed; matchless: the sole brilliance of the gem.
belonging or pertaining to one individual or group to the exclusion of all others; exclusive: the sole right to the estate.
functioning automatically or with independent power: the sole authority.
Chiefly Law. unmarried.
without company or companions; lonely: the sole splendor of her life.
Archaic. alone.

1350–1400; < Latin sōlus alone; replacing Middle English soule alone < Old French sol < Latin sōlus

soleness, noun

1. solitary. 2. individual. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sole1 (səʊl)
1.  (prenominal) being the only one; only
2.  (prenominal) of or relating to one individual or group and no other: sole rights on a patent
3.  law See also feme sole having no wife or husband
4.  an archaic word for solitary
[C14: from Old French soule, from Latin sōlus alone]

sole2 (səʊl)
1.  the underside of the footRelated: plantar, volar
2.  the underside of a shoe
3.  a.  the bottom of a furrow
 b.  the bottom of a plough
4.  the underside of a golf-club head
5.  the bottom of an oven, furnace, etc
6.  to provide (a shoe) with a sole
7.  golf to rest (the club) on the ground, as when preparing to make a stroke
Related: plantar, volar
[C14: via Old French from Latin solea sandal; probably related to solum the ground]

sole3 (səʊl)
n , pl sole, soles
1.  any tongue-shaped flatfish of the family Soleidae, esp Solea solea (European sole): most common in warm seas and highly valued as food fishes
2.  any of certain other similar fishes
[C14: via Old French from Vulgar Latin sola (unattested), from Latin solea a sandal (from the fish's shape)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"bottom of the foot," early 14c., from O.Fr. sole, from L. solea "sandal, bottom of a shoe," from solum "bottom, ground, soil," of unknown origin. The verb meaning "to provide with a sole" is recorded from 1560s.

"single," late 14c., from O.Fr. soul (fem. soule), from L. solus "alone," of unknown origin, perhaps related to se "oneself," from PIE reflexive base *swo- (see so). Adv. solely is attested from 1495.

"flatfish," 1252, from O.Fr. sole, from L. solea "a kind of flatfish," originally "sandal" (see sole (n.1)), so called from resemblance of the fish to a sandal.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

sole (sōl)
The underside of the foot.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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