verb (used with object), soothed, soothing.
to tranquilize or calm, as a person or the feelings; relieve, comfort, or refresh: soothing someone's anger; to soothe someone with a hot drink.
to mitigate, assuage, or allay, as pain, sorrow, or doubt: to soothe sunburned skin.
verb (used without object), soothed, soothing.
to exert a soothing influence; bring tranquillity, calm, ease, or comfort.

before 950; Middle English sothen to verify, Old English sōthian, equivalent to sōth sooth + -ian infinitive suffix; Modern English sense shift “to verify” > “to support (a person's statement)” > “to encourage” > “to calm”

soother, noun
self-soothed, adjective
unsoothed, adjective

1. See comfort, allay. 2. alleviate, appease, mollify.

1. upset, roil. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
soothe (suːð)
1.  (tr) to make calm or tranquil
2.  (tr) to relieve or assuage (pain, longing, etc)
3.  (intr) to bring tranquillity or relief
[C16 (in the sense: to mollify): from Old English sōthian to prove; related to Old Norse sanna to assert; see sooth]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. soðian "show to be true," from soð "true" (see sooth). Sense of "quiet, comfort, mollify" is first recorded 1697, on notion of "to assuage one by asserting that what he says is true" (i.e. to be a yes-man), a sense attested from 1568.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Driving through the beautiful forests and minimal traffic was not enough to
  soothe my jangled nerves.
The charitable rich do their bit to soothe the social tensions that arise from
  growing inequality.
Not only does warm water soothe us, it can combat loneliness.
The government has tried to soothe public nerves by promising to protect
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