soused

[soust]

Origin:
1540–50, in sense “pickled”; 1605–15 for current sense; souse1 + -ed2

unsoused, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

souse

1 [sous]
verb (used with object), soused, sousing.
1.
to plunge into water or other liquid; immerse.
2.
to drench, as with water.
3.
to dash or pour, as water.
4.
to steep in pickling brine; pickle.
verb (used without object), soused, sousing.
5.
to plunge into water or other liquid.
6.
to be soaked or drenched.
7.
to be steeping or soaking in something.
noun
8.
an act of sousing.
9.
something kept or steeped in pickle, especially the head, ears, and feet of a pig.
10.
a liquid used as a pickle.
11.
Slang. a drunkard.

Origin:
1350–1400; 1915–20 for def 11; (noun) Middle English sows < Middle French souce pickled < Germanic (akin to salt1); (v.) Middle English sousen, derivative of the noun


2. soak, wet.

souse

2 [sous] Archaic.
verb (used without object), soused, sousing.
1.
to swoop down.
verb (used with object), soused, sousing.
2.
to swoop or pounce upon.
noun Falconry.
3.
a rising while in flight.
4.
a swooping or pouncing.

Origin:
1480–90; by-form of source in its earlier literal sense “rising”

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
souse1 (saʊs)
 
vb
1.  to plunge (something, oneself, etc) into water or other liquid
2.  to drench or be drenched
3.  (tr) to pour or dash (liquid) over (a person or thing)
4.  to steep or cook (food) in a marinade
5.  slang (tr; usually passive) to make drunk
 
n
6.  the liquid or brine used in pickling
7.  the act or process of sousing
8.  slang a habitual drunkard
 
[C14: from Old French sous, of Germanic origin; related to Old High German sulza brine]

souse2 (saʊs)
 
vb (often foll by on or upon)
1.  to swoop suddenly downwards (on a prey)
 
n
2.  a sudden downward swoop
 
[C16: perhaps a variant of obsolete vb sense of source]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

souse
late 14c., "to pickle, steep in vinegar," from O.Fr. sous (adj.) "preserved in salt and vinegar," from Frank. *sultja (related to O.Saxon sultia "salt water"), from P.Gmc. *salt-, *sult- (see salt). The noun meaning "pig parts preserved and pickled" is recorded from late 14c.
The adj. soused "drunk" is first recorded 1610s, on notion of one "pickled" in liquor.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
On weekends, the lines are long, the patrons often soused.
If you're looking to get soused in a more elegant environment, this is your
  place.
One night last summer he'd come to the factory yard soused, climbed up on a
  vat, and tumbled in.
Keep your guests appropriately soused or otherwise occupied.
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