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specialization

or (especially British) specialisation

[spesh-uh-luh-zey-shuh n] /ˌspɛʃ ə ləˈzeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the act of specializing, or pursuing a particular line of study or work:
Medical students with high student loans often feel driven into specialization.
2.
Biology. the adaptation of an organism or organ to a special function or environment:
Basic biology suggests the selective pressures leading to convergent evolutionary specialization among desert-dwelling species.
3.
the act of being restricted to some specific, or the act of becoming specialized.
Origin of specialization
Related forms
despecialization, noun
nonspecialization, noun
subspecialization, noun
superspecialization, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Word Origin and History for specialization
n.

1843; see specialize + -ation.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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specialization in Medicine

specialization spe·cial·i·za·tion (spěsh'ə-lĭ-zā'shən)
n.

  1. The act of specializing.

  2. A specialty.

  3. Adaptation, as of an organ or organism, to a specific function or environment.

  4. See differentiation.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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