Try Our Apps


Pore Over vs. Pour Over


[suhm-uh n] /ˈsʌm ən/
verb (used with object)
to call upon to do something specified.
to call for the presence of, as by command, message, or signal; call.
to call or notify to appear at a specified place, especially before a court:
to summon a defendant.
to authorize or order a gathering of; call together by authority, as for deliberation or action:
to summon parliament.
to call into action; rouse; call forth (often. followed by up):
to summon all one's courage.
Origin of summon
1175-1225; < Medieval Latin summonēre to summon, Latin: to remind unofficially, suggest, equivalent to sum- sum- + monēre to remind, warn; replacing Middle English somonen < Old French semondre, somondre < Vulgar Latin *summonere, Latin summonēre, as above
Related forms
summonable, adjective
summoner, noun
resummon, verb (used with object)
unsummonable, adjective
unsummoned, adjective
1-3. See call. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
Cite This Source
Examples from the Web for summoned
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • He had not improved in temper, when he was summoned in to dinner.

    Norman Vallery W.H.G. Kingston
  • Buck Lingley made it nine miles, and then Ben Bowman was summoned.

    Up the River Oliver Optic
  • Stockdale was also summoned, cross-examined, and committed, but to Newgate.

  • She summoned all the strength at her command to shake her head.

    Jack O' Judgment Edgar Wallace
  • Then he mounted her on her mare again and summoned Ham Seay and me.

British Dictionary definitions for summoned


verb (transitive)
to order to come; send for, esp to attend court, by issuing a summons
to order or instruct (to do something) or call (to something): the bell summoned them to their work
to call upon to meet or convene
(often foll by up) to muster or gather (one's strength, courage, etc)
Derived Forms
summonable, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Latin summonēre to give a discreet reminder, from monēre to advise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for summoned



c.1200, from Anglo-French, Old French sumundre "summon," from Vulgar Latin *summundre "to call, cite," from Latin summonere "hint to," from sub "under" + monere "warn, advise" (see monitor (n.)). Summons "authoritative call to be at a certain place for a certain purpose" is late 13c., from Old French sumunse, noun use of fem. past participle of somondre. Summoner "petty officer who cites persons to appear in court" is from early 14c.; contracted form sumner is from mid-14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for summon

Most English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for summoned

Scrabble Words With Friends

Nearby words for summoned