summons

[suhm-uhnz]
noun, plural summonses.
1.
an authoritative command, message, or signal by which one is summoned.
2.
a request, demand, or call to do something: a summons to surrender.
3.
Law.
a.
a call or citation by authority to appear before a court or a judicial officer.
b.
the writ by which the call is made.
4.
an authoritative call or notice to appear at a specified place, as for a particular purpose or duty.
5.
a call issued for the meeting of an assembly or parliament.
verb (used with object)
6.
to serve with a summons; summon.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English somons < Anglo-French; Old French somonse < Vulgar Latin *summonsa, for Latin summonita, feminine past participle of summonēre; see summon

nonsummons, noun
resummons, noun, plural resummonses.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

summon

[suhm-uhn]
verb (used with object)
1.
to call upon to do something specified.
2.
to call for the presence of, as by command, message, or signal; call.
3.
to call or notify to appear at a specified place, especially before a court: to summon a defendant.
4.
to authorize or order a gathering of; call together by authority, as for deliberation or action: to summon parliament.
5.
to call into action; rouse; call forth (often. followed by up ): to summon all one's courage.

Origin:
1175–1225; < Medieval Latin summonēre to summon, Latin: to remind unofficially, suggest, equivalent to sum- sum- + monēre to remind, warn; replacing Middle English somonen < Old French semondre, somondre < Vulgar Latin *summonere, Latin summonēre, as above

summonable, adjective
summoner, noun
resummon, verb (used with object)
unsummonable, adjective
unsummoned, adjective


1-3. See call.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
summon (ˈsʌmən)
 
vb
1.  to order to come; send for, esp to attend court, by issuing a summons
2.  to order or instruct (to do something) or call (to something): the bell summoned them to their work
3.  to call upon to meet or convene
4.  (often foll by up) to muster or gather (one's strength, courage, etc)
 
[C13: from Latin summonēre to give a discreet reminder, from monēre to advise]
 
'summonable
 
adj

summons (ˈsʌmənz)
 
n , pl -monses
1.  a call, signal, or order to do something, esp to appear in person or attend at a specified place or time
2.  a.  an official order requiring a person to attend court, either to answer a charge or to give evidence
 b.  Compare warrant the writ making such an order
3.  a call or command given to the members of an assembly to convene a meeting
 
vb
4.  to take out a summons against (a person)
 
[C13: from Old French somonse, from somondre to summon]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

summon
c.1200, from Anglo-Fr., O.Fr. sumundre "summon," from V.L. *summundre "to call, cite," from L. summonere "hint to," from sub "under" + monere "warn, advise" (see monitor). Summons "authoritative call to be at a certain place for a certain purpose" is late 13c., from O.Fr.
sumunse, noun use of fem. pp. of somondre. Summoner "petty officer who cites persons to appear in court" is from early 14c.; contracted form sumner is from mid-14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Many drivers go into summons shock over the stiff penalties.
Little as he summons up the courage to knock on his first door.
Then, one day, she summons the courage to invite a regular customer to dinner.
It's always night in the world of sea vents-until a film crew summons the power
  to illuminate the abyss.
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