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Denotation vs. Connotation

sweltering

[swel-ter-ing] /ˈswɛl tər ɪŋ/
adjective
1.
suffering oppressive heat.
2.
characterized by oppressive heat; sultry.
Origin of sweltering
1565-1575
1565-75; swelter + -ing2
Related forms
swelteringly, adverb
unsweltering, adjective

swelter

[swel-ter] /ˈswɛl tər/
verb (used without object)
1.
to suffer from oppressive heat.
verb (used with object)
2.
to oppress with heat.
3.
Archaic. to exude, as venom.
noun
4.
a sweltering condition.
Origin
1375-1425; late Middle English swelt(e)ren (v.), equivalent to swelt(en) to be overcome with heat (Old English sweltan to die; cognate with Old Norse svelta, Gothic swiltan) + -eren -er6
Related forms
unsweltered, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for sweltering
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • One sweltering day in July the Commissioner called for the papers in connection with this new location.

    Whirligigs O. Henry
  • The place was silent with the peaceful calm of a sweltering August day.

    The Hound From The North Ridgwell Cullum
  • The long hot summer was followed by a September so dry and dusty that the town lay parched in the sweltering heat.

    Mary Ware's Promised Land Annie Fellows Johnston
  • Hard on the heels of a sweltering autumn the winter came down.

    Bob, Son of Battle Alfred Ollivant
  • To these through the sweltering days and nights, young Dr. Vivian ministered according to his gifts.

    V. V.'s Eyes Henry Sydnor Harrison
British Dictionary definitions for sweltering

sweltering

/ˈswɛltərɪŋ/
adjective
1.
oppressively hot and humid: a sweltering day
Derived Forms
swelteringly, adverb

swelter

/ˈswɛltə/
verb
1.
(intransitive) to suffer under oppressive heat, esp to sweat and feel faint
2.
(transitive) (archaic) to exude (venom)
3.
(transitive) (rare) to cause to suffer under oppressive heat
noun
4.
a sweltering condition (esp in the phrase in a swelter)
5.
oppressive humid heat
Word Origin
C15 swelten, from Old English sweltan to die; related to Old Norse svelta to starve, Old High German swelzan to burn with passion; see sultry
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sweltering

swelter

v.

c.1400, frequentative of swelten "be faint (especially with heat)," late 14c., from Old English sweltan "to die," from Proto-Germanic *swel- (cf. Old Saxon sweltan "to die," Old Norse svelta "to put to death, starve," Gothic sviltan "to die"), originally "to burn slowly," hence "to be overcome with heat or fever;" also the source of Old English swelan "to burn," from PIE root *swel- (2) "to shine, beam" (see Selene). For specialization of words meaning "to die," cf. starve. Related: Sweltered; sweltering.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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14
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