|1.||a compulsory financial contribution imposed by a government to raise revenue, levied on the income or property of persons or organizations, on the production costs or sales prices of goods and services, etc|
|2.||a heavy demand on something; strain: a tax on our resources|
|3.||to levy a tax on (persons, companies, etc, or their incomes, etc)|
|4.||to make heavy demands on; strain: to tax one's intellect|
|5.||to accuse, charge, or blame: he was taxed with the crime|
|6.||to determine (the amount legally chargeable or allowable to a party to a legal action), as by examining the solicitor's bill of costs: to tax costs|
|7.||slang to steal|
|[C13: from Old French taxer, from Latin taxāre to appraise, from tangere to touch]|
taxis tax·is (tāk'sĭs)
n. pl. tax·es (tāk'sēz)
The responsive movement of a free-moving organism or cell toward or away from an external stimulus, such as light.
The moving of a body part by manipulation into normal position, as after a dislocation.
first mentioned in the command (Ex. 30:11-16) that every Jew from twenty years and upward should pay an annual tax of "half a shekel for an offering to the Lord." This enactment was faithfully observed for many generations (2 Chr. 24:6; Matt. 17:24). Afterwards, when the people had kings to reign over them, they began, as Samuel had warned them (1 Sam. 8:10-18), to pay taxes for civil purposes (1 Kings 4:7; 9:15; 12:4). Such taxes, in increased amount, were afterwards paid to the foreign princes that ruled over them. In the New Testament the payment of taxes, imposed by lawful rulers, is enjoined as a duty (Rom. 13:1-7; 1 Pet. 2:13, 14). Mention is made of the tax (telos) on merchandise and travellers (Matt. 17:25); the annual tax (phoros) on property (Luke 20:22; 23:2); the poll-tax (kensos, "tribute," Matt. 17:25; 22:17; Mark 12:14); and the temple-tax ("tribute money" = two drachmas = half shekel, Matt. 17:24-27; comp. Ex. 30:13). (See TRIBUTE.)