tax

[taks]
noun
1.
a sum of money demanded by a government for its support or for specific facilities or services, levied upon incomes, property, sales, etc.
2.
a burdensome charge, obligation, duty, or demand.
verb (used with object)
3.
a.
to demand a tax from (a person, business, etc.).
b.
to demand a tax in consideration of the possession or occurrence of (income, goods, sales, etc.), usually in proportion to the value of money involved.
4.
to lay a burden on; make serious demands on: to tax one's resources.
5.
to take to task; censure; reprove; accuse: to tax one with laziness.
6.
Informal. to charge: What did he tax you for that?
7.
Archaic. to estimate or determine the amount or value of.
verb (used without object)
8.
to levy taxes.

Origin:
1250–1300; (v.) Middle English taxen < Medieval Latin taxāre to tax, appraise, Latin: to appraise, handle, frequentative of tangere to touch; (noun) Middle English, derivative of the v.

taxer, noun
taxingly, adverb
taxless, adjective
taxlessly, adverb
taxlessness, noun
antitax, adjective
nontax, noun, adjective
nontaxer, noun
protax, adjective
retax, verb (used with object)
self-taxed, adjective
subtaxer, noun
undertaxed, adjective
untax, verb (used with object)
well-taxed, adjective

tacks, tax.


1. duty, impost, levy. 4. strain, tire, stretch.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

taxis

1 [tak-sis]
noun, plural taxes [tak-seez] .
1.
arrangement or order, as in one of the physical sciences.
2.
Biology. oriented movement of a motile organism in response to an external stimulus, as toward or away from light.
3.
Surgery. the replacing of a displaced part, or the reducing of a hernia or the like, by manipulation without cutting.
4.
Architecture. the adaptation to the purposes of a building of its various parts.

Origin:
1720–30; < Neo-Latin < Greek táxis, equivalent to tak- (base of tássein to arrange, put in order) + -sis -sis

taxis

2 [tak-seez]
noun
a plural of taxi.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
tax (tæks)
 
n
1.  a compulsory financial contribution imposed by a government to raise revenue, levied on the income or property of persons or organizations, on the production costs or sales prices of goods and services, etc
2.  a heavy demand on something; strain: a tax on our resources
 
vb
3.  to levy a tax on (persons, companies, etc, or their incomes, etc)
4.  to make heavy demands on; strain: to tax one's intellect
5.  to accuse, charge, or blame: he was taxed with the crime
6.  to determine (the amount legally chargeable or allowable to a party to a legal action), as by examining the solicitor's bill of costs: to tax costs
7.  slang to steal
 
[C13: from Old French taxer, from Latin taxāre to appraise, from tangere to touch]
 
'taxer
 
n
 
'taxless
 
adj

taxis (ˈtæksɪs)
 
n
1.  the movement of a cell or organism in a particular direction in response to an external stimulus
2.  surgery the repositioning of a displaced organ or part by manual manipulation only
 
[C18: via New Latin from Greek: arrangement, from tassein to place in order]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

tax
late 13c., from O.Fr. taxer "impose a tax" (13c.), from L. taxare "evaluate, estimate, assess, handle," also "censure, charge," probably a frequentative form of tangere "to touch" (see tangent). Sense of "burden, put a strain on" first recorded 1672; that of "censure, reprove"
is from 1560s. Use in Luke ii for Gk. apographein "to enter on a list, enroll" is due to Tyndale. The noun is recorded from early 14c. Tax shelter is attested from 1961; taxpayer from 1816.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

taxis tax·is (tāk'sĭs)
n. pl. tax·es (tāk'sēz)

  1. The responsive movement of a free-moving organism or cell toward or away from an external stimulus, such as light.

  2. The moving of a body part by manipulation into normal position, as after a dislocation.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Taxes definition


first mentioned in the command (Ex. 30:11-16) that every Jew from twenty years and upward should pay an annual tax of "half a shekel for an offering to the Lord." This enactment was faithfully observed for many generations (2 Chr. 24:6; Matt. 17:24). Afterwards, when the people had kings to reign over them, they began, as Samuel had warned them (1 Sam. 8:10-18), to pay taxes for civil purposes (1 Kings 4:7; 9:15; 12:4). Such taxes, in increased amount, were afterwards paid to the foreign princes that ruled over them. In the New Testament the payment of taxes, imposed by lawful rulers, is enjoined as a duty (Rom. 13:1-7; 1 Pet. 2:13, 14). Mention is made of the tax (telos) on merchandise and travellers (Matt. 17:25); the annual tax (phoros) on property (Luke 20:22; 23:2); the poll-tax (kensos, "tribute," Matt. 17:25; 22:17; Mark 12:14); and the temple-tax ("tribute money" = two drachmas = half shekel, Matt. 17:24-27; comp. Ex. 30:13). (See TRIBUTE.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Workers at all income levels are affected by regional differences in federal
  taxes.
Most colleges and universities are non-profit and as such don't pay taxes.
The town center contains an open hall with eight silos, partially used to
  collect grain taxes from farmers.
Keeping taxes means the only companies that can afford to work here are the
  ones that cut corners.
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