temporal

1 [tem-per-uhl, tem-pruhl]
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to time.
2.
pertaining to or concerned with the present life or this world; worldly: temporal joys.
3.
enduring for a time only; temporary; transitory (opposed to eternal ).
4.
Grammar.
a.
of, pertaining to, or expressing time: a temporal adverb.
b.
of or pertaining to the tenses of a verb.
5.
secular, lay, or civil, as opposed to ecclesiastical.
noun Usually, temporals.
6.
a temporal possession, estate, or the like; temporality.
7.
something that is temporal; a temporal matter or affair.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English (adj. and noun) < Latin temporālis, equivalent to tempor- (stem of tempus) time + -ālis -al1

temporally, adverb
temporalness, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged

temporal

2 [tem-per-uhl, tem-pruhl] Anatomy, Zoology.
adjective
1.
of, pertaining to, or situated near the temple or a temporal bone.
noun
2.
any of several parts in the temporal region, especially the temporal bone.

Origin:
1535–45; < Late Latin temporālis, equivalent to tempor- (stem of tempus) temple2 + -ālis -al1

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
temporal1 (ˈtɛmpərəl, ˈtɛmprəl)
 
adj
1.  of or relating to time
2.  of or relating to secular as opposed to spiritual or religious affairs: the lords spiritual and temporal
3.  lasting for a relatively short time
4.  grammar of or relating to tense or the linguistic expression of time in general: a temporal adverb
 
[C14: from Latin temporālis, from tempus time]
 
'temporally1
 
adv
 
'temporalness1
 
n

temporal2 (ˈtɛmpərəl, ˈtɛmprəl)
 
adj
anatomy of, relating to, or near the temple or temples
 
[C16: from Late Latin temporālis belonging to the temples; see temple²]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

temporal
mid-14c., "worldly, secular," later "of time, terrestrial, earthly" (late 14c.), "temporary, lasting only for a time" (late 14c.), from O.Fr. temporal, from L. temporalis "of time, temporary," from tempus (gen. temporis) "time, season, proper time or season." Related: Temporality.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

temporal tem·po·ral2 (těm'pər-əl, těm'prəl)
adj.
Abbr. temp.
Of, relating to, or near the temples of the skull.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
temporal   (těm'pər-əl)  Pronunciation Key 
Relating to or near the bones that form the sides and part of the base of the skull.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Work scheduling is characterised by temporal externalities.
Religion is based on fear of the unknown and temporal ignorance.
You're not supposed to think about lofty spiritual affairs in terms so temporal
  as their political importance.
The shock of reentering the temporal zone leaves me a little dazed, disoriented.
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