c.1440, from L.L. transplantare
"plant again in a different place," from L. trans-
"across" + plantare
"to plant" (see plant
). Extended to people (1555) and then to organs or tissue (1786).The noun, in ref. to plants, is recorded from 1756; in ref. to surgical transplanting of human organs or tissue it is first recorded 1951, but not in widespread use until Christiaan Barnard performed the world's first successful heart transplant in 1967 at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. Meaning "person not native to his place of residence" is recorded from 1961.