noun (sometimes initial capital letter)
the policy of the party in the Roman Catholic Church that favors increasing and enhancing the power and authority of the pope.
Compare Gallicanism.

1820–30; < French ultramontanisme, equivalent to ultramontain ultramontane + -isme -ism

ultramontanist, noun
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World English Dictionary
ultramontanism (ˌʌltrəˈmɒntɪˌnɪzəm)
RC Church Compare Gallicanism the doctrine of central papal supremacy

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Example sentences
His own age and the strength of his position precluded the thought of any personal anticipation of trouble from ultramontanism.
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