withhold

[with-hohld, with-]
verb (used with object), withheld, withholding.
1.
to hold back; restrain or check.
2.
to refrain from giving or granting: to withhold payment.
3.
to collect (taxes) at the source of income.
4.
to deduct (withholding tax) from an employee's salary or wages.
verb (used without object), withheld, withholding.
5.
to hold back; refrain.
6.
to deduct withholding tax.

Origin:
1150–1200; Middle English withholden. See with-, hold1

withholder, noun
unwithheld, adjective


1, 2. suppress, repress. See keep.


1, 2. advance.
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World English Dictionary
withhold (wɪðˈhəʊld)
 
vb (usually foll by from) , -holds, -holding, -held
1.  (tr) to keep back; refrain from giving: he withheld his permission
2.  (tr) to hold back; restrain
3.  (tr) to deduct (taxes, etc) from a salary or wages
4.  to refrain or forbear
 
with'holder
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

withhold
c.1200, from with- "back, away" (see with) + holden "to hold" (see hold (v.)); probably a loan-translation of L. retinere "to withhold." Past participle form withholden was still used 19c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Let us command the respect which is never withheld from those who act a noble
  and generous part.
On an examination of that instrument it will be found to contain declarations
  of power granted and of power withheld.
The contract promised that antibiotics would not be withheld.
She withheld full publication until she had checked her work too much to doubt
  it.
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