within

[with-in, with-]
adverb
1.
in or into the interior or inner part; inside.
2.
in or into a house, building, etc.; indoors: The fire was burning on the hearth within.
3.
on, or as regards, the inside; internally.
4.
inside an enclosed place, area, room, etc.: He was startled by a cry from within.
5.
in the mind, heart, or soul; inwardly.
preposition
6.
in or into the interior of or the parts or space enclosed by: within city walls.
7.
inside of; in.
8.
in the compass or limits of; not beyond: within view; to live within one's income.
9.
at or to some point not beyond, as in length or distance; not farther than: within a radius of a mile.
10.
at or to some amount or degree not exceeding: within two degrees of freezing.
11.
in the course or period of, as in time: within one's memory; within three minutes.
12.
inside of the limits fixed or required by; not transgressing: within the law.
13.
in the field, sphere, or scope of: within the family; within one's power.
noun
14.
the inside of a place, space, or building.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English withinne (preposition and adv.), Old English withinnan (adv.), equivalent to with with- + innan from within, equivalent to in in + -an suffix of motion from

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
within (wɪˈðɪn)
 
prep
1.  in; inside; enclosed or encased by
2.  before (a period of time) has elapsed: within a week
3.  not beyond the limits of; not differing by more than (a specified amount) from: live within your means; within seconds of the world record
 
adv
4.  formal inside; internally

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

within
O.E. wiðinnan, lit. "against the inside," see with + in.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

within

In addition to the idioms beginning with within, also see in (within) reason; spitting distance, within; wheels within wheels.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Compare business types and distribution within the local community to those of
  other communities within the region.
Gas stations are illegal within city limits as are neon signs and billboards.
He said that the roses recommended for each region actually do well across all
  the climates within the region.
For anyone who has ever spent time within imaginary realms, the book will speak
  volumes.
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