|—vb (foll by at)|
|1.||to draw or be drawn taut; stretch tight|
|2.||to exert, tax, or use (resources) to the utmost extent|
|3.||to injure or damage or be injured or damaged by overexertion: he strained himself|
|4.||to deform or be deformed as a result of a stress|
|5.||(intr) to make intense or violent efforts; strive|
|6.||to subject or be subjected to mental tension or stress|
|7.||to pour or pass (a substance) or (of a substance) to be poured or passed through a sieve, filter, or strainer|
|8.||(tr) to draw off or remove (one part of a substance or mixture from another) by or as if by filtering|
|9.||(tr) to clasp tightly; hug|
|10.||obsolete (tr) to force or constrain|
|11.||a. to push, pull, or work with violent exertion (upon)|
|b. to strive (for)|
|c. to balk or scruple (from)|
|12.||the act or an instance of straining|
|13.||the damage resulting from excessive exertion|
|14.||an intense physical or mental effort|
|15.||(often plural) music a theme, melody, or tune|
|16.||a great demand on the emotions, resources, etc|
|17.||a feeling of tension and tiredness resulting from overwork, worry, etc; stress|
|18.||a particular style or recurring theme in speech or writing|
|19.||physics the change in dimension of a body under load expressed as the ratio of the total deflection or change in dimension to the original unloaded dimension. It may be a ratio of lengths, areas, or volumes|
|[C13: from Old French estreindre to press together, from Latin stringere to bind tightly]|
|1.||the main body of descendants from one ancestor|
|2.||a group of organisms within a species or variety, distinguished by one or more minor characteristics|
|3.||a variety of bacterium or fungus, esp one used for a culture|
|4.||a streak; trace|
|5.||archaic a kind, type, or sort|
|[Old English strēon; related to Old High German gistriuni gain, Latin struere to |
strain 1 (strān)
v. strained, strain·ing, strains
To pull, draw, or stretch tight.
To stretch or exert one's muscles or nerves to the utmost.
To injure or impair by overuse or overexertion; wrench.
To filter, trickle, percolate, or ooze.
To pass a liquid through a filtering agent such as a strainer.
To draw off or remove by filtration.
The act of straining.
The state of being strained.
Extreme or laborious effort.
A great or excessive pressure, demand, or stress on one's body, mind, or resources.
A wrench, twist, or other physical injury resulting from excessive tension, effort, or use.
strain 2 (strān)
The collective descendants of a common ancestor; a race, stock, line, or breed.
Any of the various lines of ancestry united in an individual or a family; ancestry or lineage.
A group of organisms of the same species, having distinctive characteristics but not usually considered a separate breed or variety.
An artificial variety of a domestic animal or cultivated plant.
|strain (strān) Pronunciation Key
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