verb (used with object)
to change (something) so that it fits, corresponds, or conforms; adapt; accommodate: to adjust expenses to income.
to put in good working order; regulate; bring to a proper state or position: to adjust an instrument.
to settle or bring to a satisfactory state, so that parties are agreed in the result: to adjust our differences.
Insurance. to determine the amount to be paid in settlement of (a claim).
to systematize.
Military. to correct the elevation or deflection of (a gun).
verb (used without object)
to adapt oneself; become adapted: They had no problems in adjusting at the new school.

1350–1400; Middle English ajusten < Anglo-French ajuster, Old French aj(o)uster to make conform to, verbal derivative, with a- a-5, of juste right, just1, influenced in sense by ajouter, ajoster to add < Late Latin adjuxtāre; see ad-, juxta-

misadjust, verb
overadjust, verb
preadjust, verb (used with object)
self-adjusting, adjective

2. set; repair, fix. Adjust, adapt, alter in their literal meanings imply making necessary or desirable changes (as in position, shape, or the like). To adjust is to move into proper position for use: to adjust the eyepiece of a telescope. To adapt is to make a change in character, to make something useful in a new way: to adapt a paper clip for a hairpin. To alter is to change the appearance but not the use: to alter the height of a table. 3. arrange; rectify; reconcile. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
adjust (əˈdʒʌst)
1.  (tr) to alter slightly, esp to achieve accuracy; regulate: to adjust the television
2.  to adapt, as to a new environment, etc
3.  (tr) to put into order
4.  (tr) insurance to determine the amount payable in settlement of (a claim)
[C17: from Old French adjuster, from ad- to + juste right, just]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1600, "arrange, settle, compose," from O.Fr. ajoster "to join," from L.L. adjuxtare "to bring near," from L. ad- "to" + juxta "next," related to jungere "to join" (see jugular). Influenced by folk etymology derivation from L. justus "just, equitable, fair." Meaning "to
get used to" first recorded 1924. Related: Adjustable; adjuster; adjustor (1895, of certain muscles; see -er).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

adjust ad·just (ə-jŭst')
v. ad·just·ed, ad·just·ing, ad·justs

  1. To bring into proper relationship.

  2. To treat disorders of the spine by correcting slight dislocations between vertebrae using chiropractic techniques.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Being prepared for the change will make it easier to adjust when it happens.
Finally, adjust the depth of cut as described for a bench plane.
Midterm feedback from students gives professors a chance to adjust their
  courses to improve learning and student satisfaction.
Bianco would adjust the way corporate earnings are calculated.
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