basely

base

2 [beys]
adjective, baser, basest.
1.
morally low; without estimable personal qualities; dishonorable; meanspirited; selfish; cowardly.
2.
of little or no value; worthless: hastily composed of base materials.
3.
debased or counterfeit: an attempt to eliminate the base coinage.
4.
characteristic of or befitting an inferior person or thing.
5.
of illegitimate birth.
6.
not classical or refined: base language.
7.
Old English Law. held by tenure less than freehold in return for a service viewed as somewhat demeaning to the tenant.
8.
Archaic.
a.
of humble origin or station.
b.
of small height.
c.
low in place, position, or degree: base servitude.
9.
Obsolete. deep or grave in sound; bass: the base tones of a piano.
noun
10.
Music Obsolete, bass1 ( defs 3, 4 ).

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English bas < Old French < Late Latin bassus low, short, perhaps of Oscan orig.

basely, adverb
baseness, noun


1. despicable, contemptible. See mean2. 2. poor, inferior, cheap, tawdry. 3. fake, spurious. 4. servile, ignoble, abject, slavish, menial.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
base1 (beɪs)
 
n
1.  the bottom or supporting part of anything
2.  the fundamental or underlying principle or part, as of an idea, system, or organization; basis
3.  a.  a centre of operations, organization, or supply: the climbers made a base at 8000 feet
 b.  (as modifier): base camp
4.  a centre from which military activities are coordinated
5.  anything from which a process, as of measurement, action, or thought, is or may be begun; starting point: the new discovery became the base for further research
6.  the main ingredient of a mixture: to use rice as a base in cookery
7.  See also Lewis base a chemical compound that combines with an acid to form a salt and water. A solution of a base in water turns litmus paper blue, produces hydroxyl ions, and has a pH greater than 7. Bases are metal oxides or hydroxides or amines
8.  biochem any of the nitrogen-containing constituents of nucleic acids: adenine, thymine (in DNA), uracil (in RNA), guanine, or cytosine
9.  a medium such as oil or water in which the pigment is dispersed in paints, inks, etc; vehicle
10.  the inorganic material on which the dye is absorbed in lake pigments; carrier
11.  biology
 a.  the part of an organ nearest to its point of attachment
 b.  the point of attachment of an organ or part
12.  the bottommost layer or part of anything
13.  architect
 a.  the lowest division of a building or structure
 b.  the lower part of a column or pier
14.  another word for baseline
15.  the lower side or face of a geometric construction
16.  maths
 a.  See place-value the number of distinct single-digit numbers in a counting system, and so the number represented as 10 in a place-value system: the binary system has two digits, 0 and 1, and 10 to base two represents 2
 b.  (of a logarithm or exponential) the number whose powers are expressed: since 1000 = 10³, the logarithm of 1000 to base 10 is 3
 c.  (of a mathematical structure) a substructure from which the given system can be generated
 d.  the initial instance from which a generalization is proven by mathematical induction
17.  logic, maths Also called: base clause the initial element of a recursive definition, that defines the first element of the infinite sequence generated thereby
18.  linguistics
 a.  a root or stem
 b.  See base component
19.  electronics the region in a transistor between the emitter and collector
20.  photog the glass, paper, or cellulose-ester film that supports the sensitized emulsion with which it is coated
21.  heraldry the lower part of the shield
22.  jewellery the quality factor used in pricing natural pearls
23.  a starting or finishing point in any of various games
24.  baseball any of the four corners of the diamond, which runners have to reach in order to score
25.  the main source of a certain commodity or element: a customer base; their fan base
26.  informal (US), (Canadian) get to first base to accomplish the first stage in a project or a series of objectives
27.  informal (US), (Canadian) off base wrong or badly mistaken
28.  touch base to make contact
 
vb (often foll by at or in)
29.  (tr foll by on or upon) to use as a basis (for); found (on): your criticisms are based on ignorance
30.  to station, post, or place (a person or oneself)
 
[C14: from Old French, from Latin basis pedestal; see basis]

base2 (beɪs)
 
adj
1.  devoid of honour or morality; ignoble; contemptible
2.  of inferior quality or value
3.  debased; alloyed; counterfeit: base currency
4.  English history
 a.  (of land tenure) held by villein or other ignoble service
 b.  holding land by villein or other ignoble service
5.  archaic born of humble parents; plebeian
6.  archaic illegitimate
 
adj, —n
7.  music an obsolete spelling of bass
 
[C14: from Old French bas, from Late Latin bassus of low height, perhaps from Greek bassōn deeper]
 
'basely2
 
adv
 
'baseness2
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

base
"bottom, foundation, pedestal," early 14c., from O.Fr. bas "depth" (12c.), from L. basis "foundation," from Gk. basis "step, pedestal," from bainein "to step" (see come). The military sense is from 1860. The chemical sense (1810) was introduced in French 1754 by Fr. chemist
Guillaume-François Rouelle (1703-1770). The verb meaning "to place on a foundation" is from 1841.

base
late 14c., from O.Fr. bas (Mod.Fr. bas) "low, lowly, mean," from L.L. bassus "thick, stumpy, low" (used only as a cognomen in classical Latin, humilis being there the usual word for "low in stature or position"), possibly from Oscan, or Celtic, or related to Gk. basson, comparative of bathys "deep."
Figurative sense of "low in the moral scale" is first attested 1530s in English, earlier "servile" (1520s). Base metals (c.1600) were worthless in contrast to noble or precious metals.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

base (bās)
n.

  1. The part of an organ nearest its point of attachment.

  2. A fundamental ingredient; a chief constituent of a mixture.

  3. Any of a large class of compounds, including the hydroxides and oxides of metals, having a bitter taste, a slippery solution, the capacity to turn litmus blue, and to react with acids to form salts.

  4. A molecular or ionic substance capable of combining with a proton to form a new substance. Also called Brønsted base.

  5. A nitrogen-containing organic compound that combines in such a manner.

  6. A substance that provides a pair of electrons for a covalent bond with an acid.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
base   (bās)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. Chemistry

    1. Any of a class of compounds that form hydroxyl ions (OH) when dissolved in water, and whose aqueous solutions react with acids to form salts. Bases turn red litmus paper blue and have a pH greater than 7. Their aqueous solutions have a bitter taste. Compare acid.

    2. See nitrogen base.

    3. The side or face of a geometric figure to which an altitude is or is thought to be drawn. The base can be, but is not always, the bottom part of the figure.

    4. The number that is raised to various powers to generate the principal counting units of a number system. The base of the decimal system, for example, is 10.

    5. The number that is raised to a particular power in a given mathematical expression. In the expression an, a is the base.

  2. Mathematics

    1. The side or face of a geometric figure to which an altitude is or is thought to be drawn. The base can be, but is not always, the bottom part of the figure.

    2. The number that is raised to various powers to generate the principal counting units of a number system. The base of the decimal system, for example, is 10.

    3. The number that is raised to a particular power in a given mathematical expression. In the expression an, a is the base.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

base definition


Any of a number of bitter-tasting, caustic materials. Technically, a material that produces negative ions in solution. A base is the opposite of an acid and has a pH of 7 to 14. A given amount of a base added to the same amount of an acid neutralizes the acid; water and a salt are produced. Alkalis are bases; ammonia is a common base.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Slang Dictionary

base definition


  1. mod.
    rude; gross. (California.) : You are so, like, base!
Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
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