a contest or trial of strength, as of boxing.
period; session; spell: a bout of illness.
a turn at work or any action.
a going and returning across a field, as in mowing or reaping.

1535–45; variant of obsolete bought bend, turn, derivative of bow bow1; see bight

1. match, fray, encounter. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bout (baʊt)
1.  a.  a period of time spent doing something, such as drinking
 b.  a period of illness
2.  a contest or fight, esp a boxing or wrestling match
[C16: variant of obsolete bought turn; related to German Buchtbight; see about]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1540s, from M.E. bught, probably from an unrecorded O.E. variant of byht "a bend," from P.Gmc. *bukhta-. Sense evolved from "a circuit of any kind" (as of a plow) to "a round at any kind of exercise" (1570s), "a round at fighting" (1590s), "a fit of drinking" (1660s).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
One month, he had vertigo every day, bouts in which he felt as if he were stuck
  to a wall.
Those antibodies can be helpful in fighting off future bouts of that year's flu.
When clouds collide they collapse and undergo violent bouts of star formation.
But you also get bouts of extreme weather, with droughts and floods.
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