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clove1

[klohv] /kloʊv/
noun
1.
the dried flower bud of a tropical tree, Syzygium aromaticum, of the myrtle family, used whole or ground as a spice.
2.
the tree itself.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English clow(e), short for clow-gilofre < Old French clou de gilofre. See clou, gillyflower

clove2

[klohv] /kloʊv/
noun, Botany
1.
one of the small bulbs formed in the axils of the scales of a mother bulb, as in garlic.
Origin
before 1000; Middle English; Old English clufu bulb (cognate with Middle Dutch clōve, Dutch kloof); akin to cleave2

clove4

[klohv] /kloʊv/
noun
1.
a British unit of weight for wool, cheese, etc., usually equivalent to 8 pounds (3.6 kilograms).
Origin
1300-50; Middle English claue < Anglo-French clove, earlier clou, equivalent to Anglo-Latin clāvus, Latin: nail; see clove1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for cloves
  • Spices might include cinnamon, nutmeg, mace or cloves.
  • The king awarded him a coat of arms embellished with two cinnamon sticks, three nutmegs and twelve cloves.
  • Or from a fancy nursery that smells of cloves and money.
  • Season the beans with the salt and remove the garlic cloves.
  • Cook milk thirty minutes in double boiler, with fine bread crumbs and onion stuck with cloves.
  • In a small ovenproof dish or pot, combine garlic cloves, bay leaves and peppercorns.
  • Poke the cloves into the lemon rind and cover the whole fruit.
  • Remove and add to the side dish with two cloves of crushed garlic.
  • Meatballs are surprisingly light and airy, with a sauce forcefully studded with garlic cloves and shards of olive.
  • Clem roasts garlic cloves, boils cardamom pods, and simmers the green-peppercorn-bourbon sauce for his steak dish.
British Dictionary definitions for cloves

clove1

/kləʊv/
noun
1.
a tropical evergreen myrtaceous tree, Syzygium aromaticum, native to the East Indies but cultivated elsewhere, esp Zanzibar
2.
the dried unopened flower buds of this tree, used as a pungent fragrant spice
Word Origin
C14: from Old French clou de girofle, literally: nail of clove, clou from Latin clāvus nail + girofle clove tree

clove2

/kləʊv/
noun
1.
any of the segments of a compound bulb that arise from the axils of the scales of a large bulb
Word Origin
Old English clufu bulb; related to Old High German klovolouh garlic; see cleave1

clove3

/kləʊv/
verb
1.
a past tense of cleave1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for cloves

clove

n.

dried flowerbud of a certain tropical tree, used as a spice, late 15c., earlier clowes (14c.), from Anglo-French clowes de gilofre (c.1200), Old French clou de girofle "nail of gillyflower," so called from its shape, from Latin clavus "a nail" (see slot (n.2)). For second element, see gillyflower. The two cloves were much confused in Middle English. The clove pink is so called from the scent of the flowers.

"slice of garlic," Old English clufu "clove (of garlic), bulb, tuber," from Proto-Germanic *klubo "cleft, thing cloven," from PIE *gleubh- "to tear apart, cleave" (see cleave (v.1)). Its Germanic cognates mostly lurk in compounds that translate as "clove-leek;" e.g. Old Saxon clufloc, Old High German chlobilouh. Dissimilation produced Dutch knoflook, German knoblauch.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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