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cortisone

[kawr-tuh-zohn, -sohn] /ˈkɔr təˌzoʊn, -ˌsoʊn/
noun
1.
Biochemistry. a steroid hormone of the adrenal cortex, C 21 H 28 O 5 , active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism.
2.
Pharmacology. a commercial form of this compound, obtained by extraction from the adrenal glands of certain domesticated animals or produced synthetically, used chiefly in the treatment of arthritis, rheumatic fever, certain allergies, and other systemic conditions.
Origin
1949
1949; shortening of cortico-sterone; see sterol, -one
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for cortisone
  • Suffering from a spinal cord injury, he decides to give the horse a cortisone shot.
  • They described the problem as life-threatening and requiring regular doses of cortisone.
  • The best way to treat them is with an over-the-counter topical cortisone cream, available at any pharmacy.
  • It's the left knee that's given him issues lately, and he received a cortisone shot in it recently.
  • He took a cortisone pack in spring training and that seemed to help.
  • That's the one that's had two cortisone shots this season.
  • As a last resort for bad, unremitting eczema, a cortisone shot or a short course of corticosteroid pills may be prescribed.
  • cortisone is one of several end products of a process called steroidogenesis.
  • cortisone is sometimes used as a drug to treat a variety of ailments.
British Dictionary definitions for cortisone

cortisone

/ˈkɔːtɪˌsəʊn; -ˌzəʊn/
noun
1.
a glucocorticoid hormone, the synthetic form of which has been used in treating rheumatoid arthritis, allergic and skin diseases, leukaemia, etc; 17-hydroxy-11-dehydrocorticosterone. Formula: C21H28O5
Word Origin
C20: shortened from corticosterone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cortisone
n.

1949, coined by its discoverer, Dr. Edward C. Kendall, shortening of chemical name, 17-hydroxy-11 dehydrocorticosterone, ultimately from Latin corticis (genitive of cortex; see cortex). So called because it was obtained from the "cortex" of adrenal glands; originally called Compound E (1936).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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cortisone in Medicine

cortisone cor·ti·sone (kôr'tĭ-sōn', -zōn')
n.
A naturally occurring corticosteroid that functions primarily in carbohydrate metabolism and is used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, adrenal insufficiency, certain allergies, and gout.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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cortisone in Science
cortisone
  (kôr'tĭ-sōn')   
A steroid hormone that is easily formed from or converted to cortisol in the blood and is also produced synthetically for use as a pharmaceutical. The effects of cortisone on body tissues are similar to those of naturally or synthetically produced cortisol.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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cortisone in Culture
cortisone [(kawr-ti-zohn)]

A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that is important in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It is used in medicine to treat some forms of arthritis and to reduce inflammation.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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